What Is a Gerund Phrase? (with Examples)

A gerund phrase is a expression that is composed of a gerund, that object, and any modifiers.

You are watching: Write five sentences, each containing one or more gerund phrases.

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Easy instances of Gerund Phrases

Here space some easy instances of gerund phrases. (In these examples, the gerund phrases room shaded, and the gerunds space bold.)Removing
the dressing conveniently is the ideal way.Here space the parts of the gerund phrase:gerund: "removing"direct object: "the dressing"modifier: "quickly"I like singing songs in the shower.Here are the components of the gerund phrase:gerund: "singing"direct object: "songs"modifier: "in the shower"Try to serve the soup there is no dropping the tray this time.Here space the parts of the gerund phrase:gerund: "dropping"direct object: "the tray"modifier: "this time"Here is an example without an object:Moving conveniently is the key to survival.Here room the components of the gerund phrase:gerund: "moving"modifier: "quickly"Here is an instance without a modifier:I want to speak to you around buying those magic beans.Here space the parts of the gerund phrase:gerund: "buying"direct object: "those magic beans"
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Let"s Dissect a Gerund Phrase

Let"s dissect two an ext gerund phrases and make things a little bit much more complicated. Eating blackberries easily will make you ill.In the gerund phrase above:"Eating" is the gerund.(A gerund phrase constantly starts through the gerund.)The native "blackberries" is the straight object that the gerund.(The thing of a gerund is additionally called the gerund complement.)Now, let"s make it a little much more complicated:Eating blackberries there is no washing them will certainly make you ill.This is the exact same as the instance above, except - this time - the modifier is the expression "without washing them." as with "quickly" in the very first example, the is one adverb. In fact, "without washing them" is an adverbial phrase, i beg your pardon itself contains a gerund phrase ("washing them") consists of a gerund ("washing") and its direct object ("them").Read an ext about gerunds.

The duty of Gerund Phrases

Like every nouns, a gerund phrase can duty as a subject, an object, or a complement within a sentence. Because that example:Eating
blackberries quickly is a poor idea.(Here, the gerund expression is the subject of the verb "is.")She hates waiting for trains.(The gerund expression is the straight object the the verb "hates.")She knew a lot about growing tomato in cold climates.(The gerund expression is the thing of the preposition "about.")Her biggest mistake to be caring also much around the top quality of the product.(The gerund phrase is a subject complement that completes the linking verb "was.")Read more about just how nouns function.

The parts of a Gerund Phrase

All gerunds finish "-ing." They room nouns formed from verbs. Because that example:eating (from the verb "to eat")taking (from the verb "to take")painting (from the verb "to paint")A gerund is not favor a normal noun since a gerund deserve to take a straight object (just prefer a verb can). The straight object the a gerund is known as a gerund complement. Because that example:eating a caketaking a drinkpainting a fenceThese complements (or objects) do up part of the gerund phrase.Gerunds can additionally be modified. For example:eating a cake quicklytaking a drink at the watering holepainting a fence with the brush his wife bought himThese modifiers additionally make up part of the gerund phrase.

Real-Life examples of Gerund Phrases

Here space some real-life instances of gerund phrases. (In these examples, the gerund phrases are shaded, and the gerunds room bold.)Arithmetic is the capability to count as much as twenty there is no taking off her shoes. (Mickey Mouse)Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has actually seen and thinking what nobody has thought. (Biochemist Albert Szent-Gyorgyi)Thinking rationally is a realistic assessment of the case with a view towards rectifying the problem if possible.

Do no Confuse Gerunds with current Participles

not every native which end "-ing" is a gerund. Present participles also end "-ing." existing participles are also verbals (i.e., words formed from verbs), however - uneven gerunds - they are not offered as nouns. Lock are offered as adjective or to type verbs in a progressive tense.This is a gerund phrase:Eating a banana one hour prior to can help. These room not gerund phrases:Eating a banana through one hand, Jack all of sudden looked up.(This is a jet phrase. That is functioning together an adjective relenten "Jack.")The gorilla was eating a banana v one hand.(This is a current participle used to type the past progressive tense.)If friend are eating the wrong foods items in the dorn amounts, every the exercise in the civilization won"t combat the caloric intake. (This is a current participle used to type the existing progressive tense.)Read an ext about present participles.

Why need to I Care around Gerund Phrases?

Here is a good reason to care about gerund phrases.

Gerunds deserve to reduce your word count and improve reading flow.

Using regular nouns (i.e., no gerunds) and the prepositions required to make those nouns regularly makes a sentence jolty and also unnecessarily long. For example:The discovery of this brand-new cave will assist with the facilitation that the exploration of the west tunnels.(This sentence has method too countless nouns. It"s long and stuffy, and it doesn"t flow naturally.)As a rule, the best method to fix a jolty, noun-ridden sentence is v a well-placed verb. However, gerunds (having verb-like qualities) are also a advantageous tool for reducing her word count and creating sentence that circulation better. Discovering this new cave will help with exploring the west tunnels.(This 11-word version features two gerund phrases. It flows far far better than the 18-word version above.) the course, a few other things have actually happened here to minimize from 18 to 11 indigenous (e.g., the redundancy "with the facilitation of" was removed), yet the really act of make the efforts to replace a rabble the nouns and prepositions through some sleek gerund phrases will drive those other alters too.Read an ext about how normal nouns can make your composing seem clunky.
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See Also

What room gerunds?What is a complement?What does modify mean?What are direct objects?What are current participles?What is a jet phrase?What are the progressive tenses?Glossary of grammatical terms

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