Many states have laws that call for students come repeat third grade if lock can’t review at a specific level.

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These third-grade retention laws differ native state to state.

In part states, the legislation offers exception for some students.


Many states have actually laws the require 3rd graders to have the ability to read in ~ a certain level in order to move up to fourth grade. These regulations are referred to as “third-grade retention laws.” (“Retention” ad to as soon as a student is held earlier to repeat a grade.)


Retention laws vary native state to state. But they all need your boy to satisfy a analysis standard to pass 3rd grade.


Standards explains what your son is expected to be able to do. Because that example, a analysis standard can require that your child have the ability to sound the end words v multiple syllables or review grade-level publications fluently.


Each state’s retention law likewise provides a means of deciding even if it is a child meets the analysis standard. In part states, your child may need to pass a standardized reading test. In others, the legislation is much more flexible—your child may satisfy a analysis standard through an alternating test or by reflecting a investment portfolio of she reading job-related over time.


To learn about the details of the legislation in her state, girlfriend can contact your institution or your state’s room of education. Once you have an really copy the the retention law, the a good idea to ask your child’s institution to describe it to you. The can additionally be beneficial to reach the end to your state’s parent Training and also Information facility for information.


In some cases, a student might be maybe to advancement to 4th grade even if she there is no met the reading standard in she state. Depending on the state, there may be exceptions because that the following:


Students through an Individualized education and learning Program ( IEP )

Students with a 504 plan

Students who participate in summer school programs

Students in special analysis programs in ~ school


Third great is a pivotal year for numerous students. Up until then, students generally work on simple reading skills—they learn to read. However in fourth grade and after, analysis becomes the method to understand other school subjects, like history or science—they review to learn.


Research mirrors that youngsters who don’t check out well in 3rd grade are at risk of fall behind or not graduating indigenous high school. Because that instance, a report from the Annie E. Casey foundation found that students that weren’t reading well in third grade were 4 times as most likely to drop out of high school. They additionally had challenge later in life once they tried to go to university or acquire a job.


States produced third-grade retention laws to try to ensure that every child can read. But critics argue the making a struggling leader repeat a class is not a great solution. Countless experts say the retention deserve to stigmatize a child and also hurt her self-confidence. And some human being have been concerned about retention legislations that have actually hinged too lot on a solitary standardized check or measure.


The conflict over retention laws has led come changes. Institutions like the discovering Disabilities association of America, one derekwadsworth.com establishing partner, and the National facility for discovering Disabilities, derekwadsworth.com’s founding partner, have pushed to make retention a last resort.


As a result, a number of states now require some or every one of the following prior to making a student repeat a grade:


Notices to parental as shortly as a institution becomes conscious of a child’s analysis issues

Outreach to family members to communicate parents in helping kids learn come read


Some states have also added early screening, at an early stage intervention , and also extra services to aid young kids read.


These changes may offer parents more opportunities to aid their children learn to review well prior to retention i do not care an issue. And many the these legislations now also administer intensive intervention throughout the repeated year.


How will certainly the school screen my boy for reading issues?

What is the school’s plan to assist my child remain on track?

What specific strategies is the institution using to aid my child fulfill the analysis standard?

What reading services and support are obtainable to my child?

What room the different ways (other than a standardization test) my boy can show that she meets the analysis standard?

If my son repeats a grade, exactly how will she it is in taught differently during the repetitive year?

If a retention legislation doesn’t use to my child since she has actually an IEP, exactly how will the school ensure the she learns come read?


Third-grade retention laws deserve to have a big impact on her child. Get expert advice top top what to do if her child’s school says she demands to repeat third grade. It’s additionally useful to recognize the pros and cons of repeating a grade.


It might be advantageous to gain a copy of your state’s retention law and also ask the college to explain it.

Depending ~ above the state, students v IEPs or 504 plans may have the ability to move ~ above to fourth grade without conference the analysis standard.

Some retention laws incorporate protections to assist struggling youngsters long before third grade.


About the Author

Andrew M.I. Lee, JD is one editor and attorney that strives to help people understand complex legal, education, and also parenting issues.


Reviewed by

Lindsay Jones, JD is chief executive, management officer the the National center for learning Disabilities (NCLD).


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