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menu Samhitas Rigveda Samhitas Shakala Samhitas Yajurveda Samhitas Shukla Yajurveda Samhitas Krishna Yajurveda Samhitas Taittiriya Samhita Samaveda Samhitas Atharvaveda Samhitas Brahmanas Rigveda Brahmanas Yajurveda Brahmanas Shukla Yajurveda Brahmanas Krishna Yajurveda Brahmanas Samaveda Brahmanas Kauthuma Brahmanas Jaiminiya Brahmanas Atharvaveda Brahmanas Aranyakas Upanishads Vedangas existing Context Other web links national Seminar

Samaveda

A. Nature and also Importance:

The Samaveda is shortest of all the four Vedas. The is closely connected with the Rigveda. That is essential to note that the Samhita of the Samaveda is an independent arsenal (Samhita), however it has taken numerous verses, a huge number indeed, native the Samhita of Rigveda. This verses space chiefly obtained from the eighth and also the ninth Mandalas the the Rigveda. The Samaveda is compiled solely for ritual application, for its verses room all intended to be chanted at the ceremonies the the Soma-sacrifice and also procedures acquired from it. The Samaveda is, therefore, particularly intended for the Udagatr priest. Its stanzas i think their appropriate character of music samans or chants only in the assorted song-books referred to as Ganas. According to the Jaiminiya Sutra – ‘Melody is referred to as Saman.’

Traditional the Vedas are spoken as‘Trayi‘, since thay room composed of 3 kinds in mantras- Rcs or verses, Yajus or prose, Saman or chants.

Among the four Vedas, the Samaveda is concerned as the foremost. In the Bhagavadgata, wherein Lord Krishna has claimed “Among the Vedas i am Samaveda”-Vedanama Samavedosmi (Gita, 10.22). Below Indra, Agni and also Soma deities are largely invoked and praised but most of the moment these prayers it seems ~ to be the invocations for the supreme Being. In the spiritual sense Soma to represent All-pervading, Glorious Lord and Brahman, that is attainable just through devotion and also musical chanting. Thus major theme of the Samaveda can be regarded as worship and also devotion (Upasana).

B. Type and Division:

According to the ancient tradition, called by Patanjali, the Samaveda had 1000 rescensions (Shakhas). But at current there are just three rescensions. These are – (1) Kauthuma (2) Jaiminiya (3) Ranayaniya however today, Kauthuma Shakha is known an ext prominently. The Samaveda- Samhita the Kauthumas, consists of 2 parts, Archika and gana. The Archika is likewise separated in two. – the Purvarcika, and the Uttararcika. First part contains four parts:

Agneya – 114 verses for AgniAindra – 352 verses because that IndraPavamana – 119 verses because that Soma PavamanaAranya – 55 verses because that Indra, Agni, Soma etc. (And Mahanamni Mantras -10)

This part consists of 650 verses.

The Uttararcika, the second component of the Samaveda-Samhita, is composed total variety of 1225 verses. For this reason the total variety of verses in the Samaveda-Samhita is 1875. Amongst these 1771 Verses room from the Rigveda only 99 verses the this Samhita room not uncovered in the Rigveda- Samhita and thus are related to to it is in of Samaveda itself.

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The Gana component of the Samavead is likewise divided right into Prakrti Gana and also Uha Gana. Strictly speaking, the Uha Gana is not part of the original Veda yet the application of the Samans native the Prakrti Gana based upon the Purvarcika come the mantras the the Uttararcika.