Chapter 1: GlobalisationDefinition: A shift towards a an ext integrated and interdependent civilization economy.

Globalisation the MarketMerging of in the history distinct and separate industry to type a huge worldwide marketplace.
Globalisation of ProductionSourcing the goods and also services from all components of the people to take advantage of national differences in the cost and also quantity of components of manufacturing to far better compete v competitors.
2) Foreign straight Investment (FDI) 1960, us accounted for 66% of an international FDI. indigenous 1980 - 2007, re-superstructure of us has decreased from 38% - 18%. developing countries have their shares boosted from
3) varieties of Companies boost in non-US multinationals (Eg. France,Japan) occurring countries (Korea & China) become major players. development in mini-multinationals with worldwide sales audit for large shares in revenue. (Eg. China's Lenovo got IMB's PC division in 2004).
4) adjust in civilization Order collapse of Russian communism and new opportunities in eastern Europe. The increase in china and also india, Mexico, Latin America and also Middle East.
1) readjust in human being Output and also Trade 1960s, united state dominated human being economy and also trade. 2008, US only accounted for 20% world economic activity. by 2020, occurring countries are likely to account for 60% of worldwide economy.
Competition international competition cd driver for price reduction and additionally prompts improvement in quality, efficiency and productivity that goods and also services. As international obstacles fall, firms have actually to compete internationally and also domestically to succeed.
Cost difference in resource costs in various countries. Businesses find for lower price in production of life material and components or relocating manufacturing of business operations overseas such together offshoring and outsourcing of value chain activities. Internationalism permits firms to take benefit of economic situations to scale hence lower production cost.

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Market domestic sales development in many developed countries has actually slowed down and also market has become much more saturated. Enterprise are increasing reliance on global sales for company continued expansion. increase of earnings in international sectors such as China and also India. populace has growth by double from 3 billion in 1960 to end 7 exchange rate in 2013. Proximity of market has additionally become a driver for FDI.
Economic Liberalisation defines the internal financial reform such as deregulation, privatelisation and also removal of barriers to trade. specifically in the 19th century there are much more openness to totally free trade amongst countries. free market economies are sustained by IMF and the civilization bank. totally free market capitalism ~ the please of the communist main planning brings development to the economy. financial liberalization enables business to take benefit of resources external its traditional/geographical boundaries.
Technological ICT permits for internet communication, information sharing and operation and also control that remote activities such together outsourcing and also offshoring. Micro processes which promoted the breakthrough of computers and the production of WWW.
Political reasonably world peace and also security ~ the finish of people war. China and other nations previously indigenous the soviet bloc has drive trade and also investments. The autumn of berlin wall symbolise the finish of communist in eastern Europe and the finish of Cold War. Transnational (EU, NAFTA) and also Supranational (WTO, IMF) has likewise helped driver globalization.
Supporters: economic growth, much more jobs created. boost wealth and efficiency create labor market flexibility develop jobs in arisen countries. Progressed economies of emerged nations.
Opponents: economic power shifting away from national federal government towards supranational organization (Eg. WTO, EU) loss of distinctiveness of national identity. Individual nations in EU can not impose their own immigration or monetary policies.
Supporters: strength of organization is limited. Organisations space designed to encourage the cumulative interest the member countries.
Opponents: damages to the setting --> less emerged countries --> Lax eco-friendly policies. Lowers job standard. Weakens protection of the environment Labor exploitation.

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Supporters: invest raise labor standards Open economic climates most eco-friendly friendly. Financial growth encoruage greater labor and also environmental standards. more companies adopting sustainability policies.