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a break in continuity of bone; it might be caused by trauma, twisting because of muscle spasm or indirect lose of leverage, or by condition that outcomes in osteopenia. See illustration.

Treatment. Immediate first aid consists of splinting the bone v no effort to reduce the fracture; it have to be splinted “as it lies,” which way supporting that in together a way that the injured part will continue to be steady and also will resist jarring if the victim is moved. Later it will be treated by reduction, which method that the broken ends space pulled right into alignment and also the continuity of the bone is established so the healing deserve to take place. Fracture heal is important a process of regeneration. Fractures heal with normal bone, not through scar tissue. Closed reduction is perform by hand-operated manipulation that the broken bone so the the pieces are brought into appropriate alignment; no surgical incision is made. Open fractures are extremely contaminated and also must it is in débrided and copiously irrigated in the operation room. A fracture may also require inner fixation through pins, nails, metal plates, or screws come stabilize the alignment. When closed reduction is accomplished, the bone is immobilized by application of a cast or through an apparatus exerting traction on the distal end of the bone.
avulsion fracture separation the a little fragment that bone cortex in ~ the website of attachments of a ligament or tendon.
Bennett"s fracture fracture the the base of the very first metacarpal bone, running into the carpometacarpal joint, complicated by subluxation.
blow-out fracture fracture of the orbital floor resulted in by a sudden rise of intraorbital pressure because of traumatic force; the orbital contents herniate right into the maxillary sinus so that the inferior rectus or inferior oblique muscle may end up being incarcerated in the fracture site, developing diplopia on feather up.
closed fracture one that does not produce an open wound, together opposed to an open up fracture. Check out illustration. Called also straightforward fracture.
Colles" fracture fracture the the lower end of the radius, the distal fragment gift displaced backward.
comminuted fracture one in i beg your pardon the bone is splintered or crushed, with 3 or an ext fragments. Check out illustration.
complete fracture one involving the entire cross section of the bone.
compound fracture open fracture.
compression fracture one produced by compression.
depressed fracture (depressed skull fracture) fracture that the skull in i beg your pardon a fragment is depressed.

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dislocation fracture fracture of a bone near an expression with concomitant dislocation of that joint.