Inflectional endings include words through ing, ed, es/s and est at the finish. Here are some examples:

s as in catsing as in swimminged as in missed es as in catchesest as in fastest

Inflectional endings are a group of letters that adjust themeaning of the word. Inflectional endings have the right to assist us identify if the eventarisen in the previous (The dolphin flipped) or present (The dolphin isflipping). In terms of nouns, inflectional endings deserve to assist us determine iftright here were one (as in cat) or many (as in cats). They have the right to help us determine ifthe wolf was simply fast or the fastest in the load.

You are watching: What is an inflectional ending

When carry out youngsters learn inflectionalendings?

Kids learn inflectional endingsat different times, depending upon the curriculum. Some youngsters begin to learninflectional endings as early as kindergarten. However, many kids learn to readinflectional endings at the finish of initially grade or beginning of secondgrade.


If you have a strugglingreader, make certain you teach inflectional endings clearly and systematically.Teach a lot of single-syllable phonics sounds before you teach inflectionalendings.

Struggling readers frequently havethe many tough time with inflectional endings. This is why I advocateteaching many phonics sounds before beginning inflectional endingsinstruction.

Get through: short vowels,consonant blends, silent e, long vowels, and also r-sounds before teachinginflectional endings. Kids through significant analysis struggles are frequently heldearlier on the exact same phonic sound because they can’t understand inflectional endings.This deserve to save them on low-level decodables for also long. You don’t desire yourstudent to suffer a reading stasis.

However before, if you teach mostphonics downs initially, struggling readers will learn to read inflectional endingsat a much faster price.


What does ed say?

The inflectional ending edprovides several sounds:

ed as in missed (takes on /t/ sound)ed as in conserved (takes on /d/ sound)ed as in rested (takes on /id/ sound)

When you teach ed teach all3 of the above sounds at once.

How do I teach inflectionalendings?

Inflectional endings arechallenging to understand. Students are frequently unsure of what to say for the vowelsound. The following words show why inflectional endings are confmaking use of forstudents:

hiding versus hitting

Why is the i in hiding lengthy andthe vowel in hitting short?

hoping versus hopping

Why is the vowel in hoping longand also the vowel in hopping short?

waved versus wagging

Why is the vowel in waved longand also the vowel in wagging short?

Are you beginning to see thepattern? Here’s the rule:

If there’s one consonant in the middle the first vowel is long.If tright here are two consonants in the middle the initially vowel is brief.

2 consonants in middle= initially vowel is short 1 consonant in middle= first vowel is long

However, tbelow are still wordsfavor sailed, peeking, and also glowed that contain vowel systems. So just how execute you teachall this?

Kids learn best as soon as you askthem a collection of inquiries. We understand from cognitive science that learning mustbe effortful in order to stick. Hence, after you teach inflectional endingsclearly, learn exactly how to correct your student.

How execute I correct inflectional endings? 

Here’s a manuscript on just how tocorrect inflectional endings:

Text: tappingStudent says: taping

Teacher: (points to middle ppconsonants) How many type of consonants are in the middle ?

Student: 2

Teacher: Does that make theinitially vowel lengthy or short?

Student: short

Teacher: (points to /a/) Firstvowel sound?

Student: aaaaa

Teacher: From thestart.

Student: tapping

Do you check out how you need toguide your student? Telling your student the correct vowel pronunciation doesnot facilitate finding out. Guiding your student, with a collection of concerns,however, does lead to finding out. Here’s an additional sample:


Correcting inflectional ending mistakes sample #2

Text: peekedStudent says: pecked

Teacher: Do you view a vowelunit?

Student: yes

Teacher: (Underlines vowel unit/ee/.) What’s the sound?

Student: ee

Teacher: From thebeginning.

Student: peeked

Correcting inflectional finishing mistakes sample #3

In case you desire even more exercise, here’s another instance on just how tocorrect inflectional finishing mistakes:

Text: smiledStudent says: spilled

In this instance, you must guideyour student through a number of corrections.

Teacher: (Underline the blendsm.) Say the sounds.

Student: ssssmmm

Teacher: From the beginning.

Student: sm

Teacher: (points to middle ppconsonants) How many consonants are in the middle ?

Student: 1

Teacher: Does that make thefirst vowel long or short?

Student: long

Teacher: (points to /i/) Firstvowel sound?

Student: i

Teacher: From thebeginning.

Student: smiled

Eliciting the answer throughquestions is crucial.

Making corrections with ed


The ed finishing makes numerous sounds. If your student states the wrong one, gain her to experiment with the others. Here’s a sample script:

Correcting inflectional ending mistakes sample #4

Text: skippedStudent says: skippid

Teacher: (underlines ed ending)What various other sounds does /ed/ make?

Student: /t/ and /d/

Teacher: Let’s tryanother.

Student: skipped

If your student still makes amistake, try the last ed sound.

What are inflectional endings?

Inflectional endings areprevalent. They readjust the grammar of the word. After children grasp manysingle-syllable sound systems, they’re all set for inflectional endings.

See more: Remedios Caseros Para Infeccion De Ojos Enrojecidos, Infección Por Micoplasma (Neumonía Atípica)

Do you have a struggling reader? If so, your student might still require decodable messages while he’s discovering inflectional endings. That’s okay. Keep him on phonics publications till he’s had actually substantial practice via inflectional endings. Oftentimes, if students learn the the majority of common single-syllable sound units and inflectional endings, they are prepared for those level one publications found in bookstores and also libraries. 

Systematic phonics books deserve to teach your struggling reader the a lot of prevalent sound systems.