Renaissance Architecture was based on the examine of Classical style, and emphasized harmony and perfection through the application of logic and also geometry:

“Italian Renaissance architects based their theories and also practices on Classical Romale examples. The Renaissance resurgence of Classical Rome was as crucial in design as it remained in literary works. A pilgrimage to Rome to study the prehistoric structures and ruins, specifically the Colosseum and Pantheon, was considered important to an architect’s training. Classical orders and also architectural elements such as columns, pilasters, pediments, entablatures, arches, and domes form the vocabulary of Renaissance buildings. Vitruvius’s writings on architecture also influenced the Renaissance definition of beauty in design. As in the Classical civilization, Renaissance architecture is defined by harmonious develop, mathematical propercent, and a unit of measurement based on the human range.”Architecture in Renaissance Italy

Filippo Brunelleschi, Pazzi Chapel, Santa Croce, Florence, started 1420s, completed 1460s

Filippo Brunelleschi pioneered a new style of design based on Classical style. Features of his style incorporate the use of classic columns and also rounded arches (as distinctive from the pointed arches of Gothic architecture), and basic geometric forms such as the circle and also the square. This straightforward, logical method to style was a dramatic leave from the complex, “mystical” style of Gothic style.

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Filippo Brunelleschi, Pazzi Chapel, Santa Croce, Florence, started 1420s, completed 1460s Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris and Dt. Steven Zucker

Divine ProportionsRenaissance architects thought that the circle and the square were “perfect” forms that correspond to the prosections of the human body (this was the basis for Leonardo’s famed illustration of the Vitruvian Man).  Brunelleschi designed his buildings utilizing modular units based on these two forms, arranged in logical sequences:

“Although Brunelleschi’s frameworks might appear easy, they rest on an underlying system of propercentage. Brunelleschi frequently started through a unit of measurement whose repetition throughout the structure created a sense of harmony, as in the Ospedale degli Innocenti (Florence, 1419). This structure is based on a modular cube, which determines the height of and also distance between the columns, and the depth of each bay.”Architecture in Renaissance Italy

Filippo Brunelleschi, Santo Spirito, c. 1436, Florence

Brunelleschi’s Santo Spirito exemplifies his style. In contrast to the complicated, soaring interiors of the Gothic Cathedral, Brunelleschi’s space is easy, rational, and relaxed. Instead of being mystified or awed by the room, we sense its order and also clarity — as if rationality, quite than belief, is its true message.

Filippo Brunelleschi’s Santo Spirito, Florence, 1428-81 Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris & Dr. Steven Zucker

Leon Battista Alberti, Sant’Andrea, Mantua, 1470-1472

Alberti was another significant architect of the Renaissance. He was deeply affected by Vitruvius, a Romale architect who publiburned several treatises on architecture. His design for the Church of Ant’Andrea in Mantua mirrors the influence of Romale style in its huge range, and also its use of vaults.

Alberti publimelted his very own treatise on style, which had actually incredible affect on his successors:

“Leon Battista Alberti (1404–1472) functioned as an architect from the 1450s onward, principally in Florence, Rimini, and also Mantua. As a trained humanist and true Renaissance man, Alberti was as accomplished as an architect as he was a humanist, musician, and also art theorist. Alberti’s many kind of treatises on art include Della Pittura (On Painting), De Sculptura (On Sculpture), and De re Aedificatoria (On Architecture). The first treatise, Della Pittura, was a basic handbook for artists, explaining the values behind straight perspective, which might have actually been initially occurred by Brunelleschi.”Architecture in Renaissance Italy 

Alberti believed that global beauty could be accomplished with mathematical proportions. His ideas were equivalent to prehistoric Greek architects and sculptors who believed that beauty and also perfection might be mathematically derived. Alberti rejected the columns and also arcs of Greek style in favor of the huge piers and also vaults that were typical of Romale royal style.

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