The ancient Greek city-states often battled each other. Sometimes groups of city-states would unite come fight other teams of city-states in large wars. Rarely, the Greek city-states would certainly unite together to hit a typical enemy such as the Persians in the Persian Wars.

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A Greek Hopliteby Unknown
Who to be the soldiers?All the males living in a Greek city-state were intended to struggle in the army. In many cases, this weren"t full time soldiers, however men who owned floor or businesses who were fighting to safeguard their property.What weapons and also armor walk they have?Each Greek warrior had actually to administer his very own armor and also weapons. Typically, the wealthier the soldier the better armor and also weapons the had. A full set of armor contained a shield, a copper breastplate, a helmet, and also greaves that safeguarded the shins. Most soldiers lugged a long spear referred to as a doru and also a short sword dubbed a xiphos.A full set of armor and also weapons can be really heavy and weigh well over 60 pounds. The shield alone could weigh 30 pounds. The shield was thought about the many important component of a soldier"s armor. It was thought about a disgrace to shed your shield in battle. Legend has it the Spartan mothers told their sons to return home from battle "with your shield or on it." by "on it" they intended dead due to the fact that dead soldiers were often brought on their shields.
HoplitesThe main Greek soldier to be the foot soldier referred to as a "hoplite." Hoplites carried big shields and also long spears. The surname "hoplite" originates from their shield i beg your pardon they referred to as the "hoplon."
A Greek PhalanxSource: United claims Government
PhalanxThe hoplites battled in a battle formation dubbed the "phalanx." In the phalanx, soldiers would stand next by next overlapping their shields to make a wall of protection. Then they would certainly march forward using their spears to assault their opponents. Over there were normally several rows the soldiers. The soldiers in the ago rows would brace the soldiers in former of castle and also keep them moving forward.The military of SpartaThe many famous and fiercest warrior of ancient Greece to be the Spartans. The Spartans were a warrior society. Every guy trained to be a soldier from the moment he was a boy. Each soldier went through a rigorous boot camp training. Spartan males were expected to train together soldiers and fight until they to be sixty years old.Fighting in ~ SeaLiving follow me the coastline of the Aegean Sea, the Greeks came to be experts at structure ships. One of the key ships provided for battle was called the trireme. The trireme had actually three financial institutions of oars on every side enabling up to 170 rowers to power the ship. This make the trireme really fast in battle.The key weapon top top a Greek ship was a copper prow at the former of the ship. It was offered like a damaging ram. Sailors would ram the prow right into the next of an foe ship bring about it come sink.
Interesting Facts about the Soldiers and also War of old GreeceGreek soldiers occasionally decorated your shields. A usual symbol put on the shields of the soldiers the Athens was a tiny owl which represented the goddess Athena.The Greeks also used archers and also javelin throwers (called "peltasts").When 2 phalanxes came with each other in battle, the goal was to break up the enemy"s phalanx. The fight became rather of a pushing match where the an initial phalanx to break generally lost the battle.Philip II the Macedon presented a much longer spear dubbed the "sarissa." that was approximately 20 feet long and weighed approximately 14 pounds.

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