The Ancient Greek city-states frequently dealt with each various other. Sometimes groups of city-states would unite to fight various other groups of city-says in huge wars. Rarely, the Greek city-says would certainly unite together to fight a common opponent such as the Persians in the Persian Wars.

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A Greek Hopliteby Unknown
Who were the soldiers?All the men living in a Greek city-state were intended to fight in the army. In the majority of cases, these weren"t full-time soldiers, yet males that owned land or businesses who were fighting to safeguard their home.What weapons and also armor did they have?Each Greek warrior had actually to administer his own armor and tools. Usually, the wealthier the soldier the better armor and weapons he had actually. A full set of armor included a shield, a bronze breastplate, a helmet, and greaves that defended the shins. Many soldiers brought a lengthy spear dubbed a doru and a brief sword referred to as a xiphos.A full collection of armor and weapons might be extremely heavy and weigh well over 60 pounds. The shield alone could weigh 30 pounds. The shield was taken into consideration the most necessary component of a soldier"s armor. It was considered a disgrace to lose your shield in battle. Legfinish has actually it that Spartan mothers told their sons to rerevolve home from fight "with their shield or on it." By "on it" they meant dead bereason dead soldiers were regularly lugged on their shields.
HoplitesThe primary Greek soldier was the foot soldier dubbed a "hoplite." Hoplites brought large shields and lengthy spears. The name "hoplite" originates from their shield which they called the "hoplon."
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A Greek PhalanxSource: USA Government
PhalanxThe hoplites dealt with in a fight formation referred to as the "phalanx." In the phalanx, soldiers would stand also side by side overlapping their shields to make a wall surface of protection. Then they would certainly march forward using their spears to attack their opponents. There were primarily several rows of soldiers. The soldiers in the ago rows would brace the soldiers in front of them and additionally store them relocating forward.The Military of SpartaThe a lot of renowned and also fiercest warriors of Old Greece were the Spartans. The Spartans were a warrior culture. Every guy trained to be a soldier from the moment he was a boy. Each soldier went with a rigorous boot camp training. Spartan guys were intended to train as soldiers and also fight till they were sixty years old.Fighting at SeaLiving along the coastline of the Aegean Sea, the Greeks became specialists at building ships. One of the main ships supplied for fight was called the trireme. The trireme had three banks of oars on each side enabling approximately 170 rowers to power the ship. This made the trireme extremely rapid in fight.The major weapon on a Greek ship was a bronze prow at the front of the ship. It was used prefer a battering ram. Sailors would certainly ram the prow into the side of an adversary ship causing it to sink.
Interelaxing Facts About the Soldiers and also War of Ancient GreeceGreek soldiers occasionally decorated their shields. A common symbol put on the shields of the soldiers of Athens was a tiny owl which stood for the goddess Athena.The Greeks additionally supplied archers and also javelin throwers (called "peltasts").When 2 phalanxes came together in fight, the goal was to break up the enemy"s phalanx. The fight came to be somewhat of a pushing match wbelow the initially phalanx to break primarily shed the fight.Philip II of Macedon presented a much longer spear dubbed the "sarissa." It was as much as 20 feet long and also weighed approximately 14 pounds.

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