L>Student source Glossary
chapter 9
ablation Term offered to describe some varieties of treatment of prostate cancer.
anuria The absence of urine development by the kidneys.
benign prostatic hyperplasia one enlargement that the prostate gland that most regularly occurs in guys over age 50.
chronic kidney an illness The steady loss the renal function over month or years.
cystitis one inflammation that the bladder.
cystocele A hernia of the bladder through the quality wall; also know together a please bladder.
cystolith A rock in the urinary bladder.
cystopexy The surgical fixation that the bladder to the ab wall.
cystoscopy The intuitive examination of the urinary bladder using a cystoscope.
dialysis A procedure to eliminate waste products, such as urea, creatinine, as well as excess water native the blood the a patient who kidneys no much longer function.
diuresis The boosted output of urine.
end-stage renal condition The final stage of chronic kidney disease.
enuresis The involuntary discharge the urine.
epispadias A congenital abnormality that the urethral opening. In the male with epispadias, the urethral opened is situated on the upper surface of the penis; in the female with epispadias, the urethral opened is in the an ar of the clitoris.
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy The devastation of kidney stones with the use of high-energy ultrasonic waves traveling v water or gel.
glomerulonephritis A type of nephritis brought about by inflammation that the glomeruli that causes red blood cells and also proteins come leak right into the urine.
hemodialysis The process by i beg your pardon waste assets are filtered directly from the patient’s blood.
hydronephrosis The ede of one or both kidneys as the an outcome of one obstruction the the circulation of urine.
hydroureter The stretching out of a ureter through urine, is led to by a blockage in the ureter the does not enable the to pee to flow normally.
hyperproteinuria The presence of abnormally high concentration of protein in the urine.
hypoproteinemia The presence of abnormally short concentrations of protein in the blood.
hypospadias A congenital abnormality the the urethral opening. In the male v hypospadias, the urethral opened is on the ventral surface of the penis; in the female with hypopadias, the urethra opens into the vagina.
incontinence The i can not qualify to manage the excretion of urine and/or feces.
interstitial cystitis A chronic inflammation within the wall surfaces of the bladder.
intravenous pyelogram A radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters.
nephrolith A stone located in the kidney.
nephrolithiasis defines the visibility of stones in the kidney.
nephrolysis The surgical freeing of a kidney from adhesions.
nephrons The microscopic functional units of each kidney where urine is produced through the processes of filtration, reabsorption, and also secretion.
nephropathy Any an illness of the kidney.
nephroptosis The prolapse, or dropping down, of a kidney right into the pelvic area once the patience stands.
nephropyosis Suppuration that the kidney.
nephrostomy The placement of a catheter to preserve an opening from the pelvis that one or both kidneys to the exterior of the body.
nephrotic syndrome A group of conditions in i m sorry excessive quantities of protein are lost through the urine.
neurogenic bladder A urinary problem caused by interference v the normal nerve pathways associated with urination.
nocturia Frequent and excessive urination throughout the night.
nocturnal enuresis Urinary incontinence during sleep; likewise known together bed-wetting.
oliguria Scanty urination.
percutaneous nephrolithotomy The surgical removal the a nephrolith v a small incision in the back.
peritoneal dialysis The lining the the peritoneal cavity acts together the filter to eliminate waste from the blood.
polycystic kidney condition aA hereditary disorder defined by the development of many fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys.
polyuria excessive urination, and is a common symptom of diabetes.
prostatism A disorder resulting from the compression, or obstruction, of the urethra due to benign prostatic hyperplasia.
pyeloplasty The surgical fix of the ureter and renal pelvis.
pyelotomy A operation incision right into the renal pelvis.
suprapubic catheterization The placement of a catheter right into the bladder v a tiny incision made through the abdominal wall just above the pubic bone.
uremia A toxic condition resulting from renal fail in which kidney role is compromised and also urea and also other waste commodities normally secreted in the pee are retained in the blood.
ureterectasis The enlargement the a ureter.
ureterolith A rock located everywhere along the ureter.
ureterorrhagia The discharge that blood indigenous the ureter.
ureterorrhaphy The operation suturing that a ureter.
urethritis an inflammation of the urethra.
urethropexy The operation fixation that the urethra to nearby tissue.
urethrorrhagia Bleeding from the urethra.
urethrostenosis Narrowing of the urethra.
urethrotomy A operation incision right into the urethra because that relief that a stricture.
urinary catheterization The insertion of a tube right into the bladder in order come procure a sterile specimen because that diagnostic purposes, or to drainpipe urine.
vesicovaginal fistula an abnormal opening in between the bladder and vagina that allows consistent involuntary flow of urine from the bladder into the vagina.

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voiding cystourethrography A diagnostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is offered to research the circulation of urine native the bladder and through the urethra.