Marni Feuerman is a psychotherapist in private practice who has actually been help couples with marital concerns for more than 27 years." data-inline-tooltip="true">Marni Feuerman, LCSW, LMFT

 Marni Feuerman is a psychotherapist in private practice who has been helping couples v marital worries for much more than 27 years.

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Love is necessary to ours well-being. Despite most have experienced that in their lives, defining love is challenging. Few researchers have put soon a viable theory on the ide of love. One exemption is the triangular concept of love, emerged in the so late 1980s by psychologist Robert Sternberg. This theory argues that people can have varying levels of intimacy, passion, and also commitment at any type of one moment in time.

Three components of Love

In Dr. Sternberg"s theory, the concept of love is a triangle that is comprised of 3 components:

Intimacy, which involves feelings of closeness, connectedness, and bondednessPassion, which involves feelings and also desires that cause physical attraction, romance, and sexual consummationDecision/commitment, which entails feelings the lead a human being to stay with someone and move toward common goals

Finding a balance between the physiological require for sex and also the require for love is essential, and the complete absence of every three materials is categorized as non-love.

species of Love

The three materials of love communicate in a systemic manner.The presence of a component of love or a combination of two or more components create seven type of love experiences. These varieties of love may vary over the food of a relationship as well.


This kind of love is as soon as the intimacy or liking ingredient is present, but feelings of passion or meeting in the romantic sense are missing. Friendship love can be the root of other creates of love.


Infatuation is identified by feeling of lust and physical enthusiasm without liking and also commitment. There has not been enough time because that a deeper sense of intimacy, romantic love, or consummate love come develop. These may ultimately arise after the infatuation phase. The early stage infatuation is often very powerful.

north Love

Empty love is defined by commitment without enthusiasm or intimacy. At times, a solid love deteriorates into empty love. The turning back may take place as well. For instance, an arranged marriage may begin out empty however flourish right into another type of love over time.

Romantic Love

Romantic love bonds people emotionally v intimacy and physical passion.Partners in this kind of relationship have deep conversations that assist them know intimate details about each other. They reap sexual passion and also affection. These couples might be at the allude where long-term commitment or future plans room still undecided.

Companionate Love

Companionate love is one intimate, but non-passionate sort of love. It contains the intimacy or liking component and the commitment component of the triangle. It is more powerful than friendship, because there is a permanent commitment, but there is minimal or no sex-related desire. 

This kind of love is often found in marital relationships where the passion has died, however the pair continues to have deep affection or a strong bond together. This may additionally be perceived as the love between very close friends and family members.

Fatuous Love

In this form of love, commitment and passion room present while intimacy or liking is absent. Fatuous love is typified by a whirlwind courtship in i m sorry passion motivates a commitment without the stabilizing influence of intimacy. Often, evil this leaves others confused about how the pair could it is in so impulsive. Unfortunately, such marriages regularly don't work out. Once they do, plenty of chalk the success as much as luck.

Consummate Love

Consummate love is comprised of all three components and also is the total type of love. That represents an ideal relationship. Couples who endure this sort of love have an excellent sex numerous years into their relationship. They can not imagine themselves v anyone else. They additionally cannot view themselves important happy without your partners. They control to get rid of differences and face stressors together.

According to Dr. Sternberg, consummate love may be more tough to preserve than the is to achieve, as the components of love have to be put into action. Without behavior and expression, passion is lost and also love may revert earlier to the companionate type.

Your relationship Is unique

According to Dr. Sternberg, the prestige of each component the love might differ from human to human and pair to couple. Every three materials are forced for the best romantic relationship, but the amount of every component compelled will different from one connection to another, or also over time within a relationship. Knowing exactly how the components interact may help highlight areas that might need improvement.

Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, consisting of peer-reviewed studies, to assistance the truth within ours articles. Read our editorial process to learn an ext about just how we fact-check and keep our contents accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
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