Painting native Pompeii, currently in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale (Naples), showing a banquet or household ceremony attribute multiple aspects of roman inn society.

You are watching: Roman society was composed of two groups

Roman culture was clearly hierarchical, v legally identified privileges allotted to different classes and countless informal distinctions in perspectives toward the class in day-to-day life.


In ancient Rome the populace was split into two groups: patricians and plebeians.

Patricians

Plebians

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The patrician course were the progeny of the most old and powerful noble families. They were landowners, lived in huge houses and they had political power in the Senate.

The patricians married and did company only with world of their very own class.

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Plebeians were largely artisans or peasants who worked the patricians’ land; they lived in apartments and they had no politics rights.

If they were lucky plebeians could become clients (obedient servants) that a patrician family. They readily available their solutions in return got the defense of the head the the patrician family, who ended up being their patron.

Roman culture in the Era the the realm 27BC – 1453AD

Below is the pyramid of roman inn society, v the emperor at top and slaves in ~ the bottom. Multiple class existed between them. While the was feasible to move up and also down this society latter, as the category were no immutable, transforming one’s society standing was extremely difficult and only possible through meritocratic organizations such together the military.

The Emperor Head of Roman society and leader of every Rome

Patrician Families Wealthy influential landowning families

Senators offered in the Senate and also governed Rome

Equestrians Wealthy building owners that chose service over politics

Plebeians working class. Males without comprehensive wealth who operated for your living at work such as artisans, craftsmen, bakers etc

Freed Slaves slaves who had either been offered their freedom or had actually paid for your freedom and also now functioned for their living.

Slaves normally prisoners of war however sometimes abandoned kids who were owned by your master

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