“The spread out of the original alphabet and its adaptation by assorted peoples around the civilization in the period 2000 BC – 2000 AD”


Looking once an ext at Boeree"s1 graph of the development of the Greek and Latin alphabets, it is noticeable that the Latin alphabet appears to it is in "missing" a couple of letters. Wherein did the extra people come from that us use?
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It is generally agreed that the roman alphabet is mainly derived from the Etruscan composing system.The Letter “C”Etruscan had no "voiced plosives". In English, b, d and also g room voiced plosives, if ph, and also th room not. The "plosive" refers to closure that the oral cavity, a construct up of pressure with vocal cord vibration, ("voiced"), adhered to by sudden release. The Etruscan, C, was acquired from the Greek gamma. The letter G appeared around 230 BCE.

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Here is an additional view the the Greek alphabet v lower instance versions and approximate English pronunciations:
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Early LatinA B CG D E F(Z) H i K l M N O p Q R S T V Y XThe adhering to is from Omniglot1"There were no small letter letters, and also K, Y and also Z were only offered for creating words that Greek origin. The letters J, U and also W were added later to compose languages other than Latin. J is a variant of I, U is a different of V, and also W was presented as a "double-v" to do a difference between the sounds we understand as "v" and "w" which was unnecessary in Latin."Vajda2 is a very useful source on this. He likewise discusses the I.P.A. Or international Phonetic Alphabet.Ancient Latin alphabetA graph from Omniglot(1) reflects an even earlier version that the Latin alphabet dating from sixth Century BCE. Below it is dubbed the old Latin alphabet:
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Notice the clean Etruscan shape to the letters. That is interesting to note that there to be several various shapes for the same letter, bearing in mind the they had no lower case letters.The faster Latin inscription is ~ above a cloak pin (a fibula) i beg your pardon was found in Palestrina (Praeneste) in the sixth century BCE. The is now known as the Pranaeste Fibula. Below are two images, the 2nd one allowing the script to be seen more clearly:
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and below is a reversal of the inscription:
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The fibula was thought to originate indigenous the 7th century BCE. That is inscribed v a message that appears to be written in Old Latin, below transcribed come English letters:MANIOS MED FHEFHAKED NVMASIOIThe equivalent timeless Latin sentence derived by applying the suitable differences in between Old Latin and Classical Latin would certainly probably have been:MANIVS ME FECIT NVMERIOtranslated as:MANIUS FASHIONED ME because that NUMERIUS.Debate proceeds over even if it is the inscription was a hoax, perpetrated at the start of the 20th century by a German scholar, or not!Roman alphabet because that LatinHere is the roman inn alphabet because that Latin. They used only 23 letters.
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Modern Latin alphabetHere is the much more familiar variation of the alphabet:
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It is it was observed by Omniglot1 the the lower instance versions of the resources letters derived from cursive script variations that the upper instance letters.The Latin alphabet is the "parent" of many Western europe alphabets and, together we questioned last time, it originates from the Greek alphabet, and also was likewise influenced through the Etruscan alphabet.. Yet some, prefer Vajda1, view the Greek alphabet together the most necessary root of contemporary alphabets.Looking at the chart below from an previously post, it can be watched that ancient Greek was the branching point for two essential language streams, personal from contemporary Greek. Our alphabet, shown as modern-day Roman, is ~ above one branch and on the various other is modern-day Cyrillic, provided by speakers of Russian.
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FutureI mean it"s all about evolution. The April Fool"s Day joke I put on the very first Post is an example, yet how far fetched is it? The joke was that Barack Obama was proposing a new letter, however is this the way change begins?
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Could our alphabet evolve further?Here is a proposal through Worley1"Rethinking the English AlphabetEnglish order is inconsistent, inefficient, and insufficient. Nearly the prompt English spelling was codified civilization have want to enhance it, however found it practically impossible to introduce changes. Possibly equally troubling, despite less commonly addressed, is the English alphabet, full of redundancy letters. So, in the heart of numerous orthography reformers, i propose the following transforms to the English alphabet.First, us drop the letter "x". It shows up rarely, and when that does it always makes a sound that is one of two people the same as "z" or "ks". Next, due to the fact that "c" always either sounds favor a "k" or an "s", ns propose us drop it, too. Third, ns propose us drop "q", because it renders the exact same sound together "k". This pipeline us v 23 letters, so I furthermore propose we change "y" through the digraph "ij" to store the number of letters in English even (this is because that the services of do rot11 symmetric, simply as rot13 is today).This pipeline us v "a b d e f g h ns j k together m n o p r s t u v w y z", yet I desire to tweak the a small more. "s" and also "5" space easily puzzled on a blackboard, for this reason let"s change "s" with "c". Similarly, "h" and also "k" are often confused, therefore let"s change "k" v "q". Because "l" and also "1" look very similarly, let"s replace "l" v "y", and also finally let"s change "o" by "x" to remove confusion between "o" and also "0". So this leaves us v "a b d e f g h ns j q y m n x p r s t u v w y z".My alters require only direct substitutions that letters; the spellings don"t change, just the symbols, for this reason it might easily be accomplished by substitution ~ above the computer to bring electronic texts right into the contemporary spelling.

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If this alphabet was adopted by schools, we might be using this simplified system in a generation.I realize, that course, the there is no hope of my improvements taking root; it"s merely not far better enough come motivate people through the transition. Yet it ic a funny mentay eksersize!"
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the over was created in the font "Brand brand-new Alphabet" by Rachel Spoon