The Punic Wars: Titanic struggle in the old Mediterranean
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The Punic wars were a series of struggles between Carthage and also Rome for dominance during the 2nd and first Centuries B.C. V its last victory in 146 B.C., Rome lay claim to being understand of the Mediterranean.
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The Phoenician development into Crete and also Cyprus conflicted v Greek ambitions in the central Mediterranean, and the two worlds fought off and on for a variety of years until the problem widened into a pair of battles on and over Sicily. The Syracuse tyrant Gelo through 480 B.C. Had laid case to the totality of Sicily. Carthage had actually ruled over negotiations on Sicily for quite awhile prior to this and also wasn't about to hand castle over. The basic Hamilcar (not the famed father that Hannibal) led a large force from Carthage come Sicily, landing in ~ Panormus. A combination of bad weather and also poor tactics brought about a Carthaginian defeat, at the battle of Himera.
Carthage wasn't finished trying to rule Sicily, however, and another expedition landed there in 409. The result was a little victory, in that Carthaginian forces captured a pair of tiny cities. 4 years later, Hannibal Mago again led much more forces in search of breaking Syracuse's organize on the island, yet the result was again the same. Battles continued between the 2 powers throughout the next pair of decades, with Carthaginian pressures succumbing much more than as soon as to plagues and also Syracusean battle dominance.
Nearly a century later, in 310, Carthaginian pressures under Hamilcar, nephew of the famed Hanno the Navigator, struck remarkable success and also ended up controlling most that Sicily, after a siege of Syracuse itself. In a feint that would certainly not be the critical of that kind, the Syracusean leader Agathocles walk an end-around and invaded the area bordering Carthage. Hanno and a large number the his forces hurried home and succeeded in saving their state, yet the battle went on for a couple of years and also Carthage lost serious inert in its drive to control Sicily. The result was yet one more peace treaty in between the 2 powers.
Carthage uncovered itself fighting another power in Sicily in 280. Pyrrhus of Epirus, who also took ~ above the roman inn Republic in southerly Italy during this time, sent a large force to Sicily and also reduced the Carthaginian existence considerably. In the aftermath, however, Pyrrhus left Sicily entirely to concentrate on his struggles versus Rome.
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A team of Italian mercenaries had, in the meantime, given themselves the surname Mamertines (\"sons of Mars\") and seized control of the Sicilian city the Messana. A subsequent campaign to increase their influence on Sicily lugged them right into concurrent problem with Rome, Syracuse, and Carthage. Hiero II, the brand-new tyrant the Syracuse, fought back, forcing the Mamertines come divide into two groups, one asking for Roman help and the other asking for assist from Carthage. The Carthaginian federal government responded by sending a couple of boatloads of pressures to Messana. As soon as Hiero threw in his lot with Carthage, one alarmed roman inn Assembly authorized an attack on Carthaginian ships and soldiers, and also the first Punic war was on.