Alexander the great was an old Macedonian ruler and also one of history’s best military psychic who—as King of Greece and also Persia—established the largest empire the ancient world had ever before seen. By transforms charismatic and ruthless, brilliant and also power hungry, diplomatic and also bloodthirsty, Alexander influenced such loyalty in his men they’d follow him almost everywhere and, if necessary, dice in the process. Though Alexander the great died prior to realizing his dream of uniting a new realm, his affect on Greek and Asian culture was so profound it motivated a new historical epoch—the Hellenistic Period.

You are watching: Portrait of alexander the great

Literary resources tell us, though probably not reliably, that Alexander (reigned 336-323 BC) determined only a few artists to develop his image, and also famous names such together the sculptor Lysippos and the artist Apelles were associated with his portraiture. Despite none the the famous images have been recovered, plenty of sculptures in different materials, and also portraits top top gemstones and coins, survive. These to be mostly developed long ~ Alexander’s death and also while the portraits follow comparable general characteristics, they additionally vary in style.

*Alexander"s appearance has actually been many thought to be accurately depicted by the sculptor Lysippos, and also in fact Alexander himself wanted Lysippos"s likenesses of him over the of any other artist.


Head that Alexander, uncovered near the Erechtheion the the Athens Acropolis in 1886.

Thought to it is in an original occupational of the sculptor Leochares, made roughly 330 BC.

Acropolis Museum, Athens.


Marble head of Alexander indigenous Pergamon,Turkey.

First fifty percent of 2nd century BC.

Istanbul historical Museum.


Marble head the Alexander the Great, discovered in the Kerameikos,

Athens c. 300 BC.

Head the Alexander the Great, make of pentelic marble. That was uncovered in the Kerameikos, Athens. Alexander attract the lion’s pelt, a typical iconographic feature in depictions that the young king ~ above coins, which hints at his lower from the mythical hero Herakles. The letters on Alexander’s confront were carved at a later period.


Alexander was always shown clean-shaven, which was an innovation: every previous portraits that Greek statesmen or rulers had beards. This imperial fashion lasted for nearly five hundreds years and almost every one of the Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors until Hadrian were illustrated beardless. Alexander to be the very first king come wear the all-important royal diadem, a band of towel tied approximately the hair that was to come to be the prize of Hellenistic kingship.

Earlier portraits of Alexander, in heroic style, look an ext mature 보다 the portraits do after his death, such together this example. These display a much more youthful, despite perhaps much more god-like character. He has actually longer hair, a much more dynamic tilt the the head and an increase gaze, the same, similar thing his description in literature sources.

This head was obtained in Alexandria, the city founded by Alexander in 331 BC, and the location of his tomb. Alexandria was additionally the capital of the longest surviving Hellenistic dynasty, the Ptolemies. From the time of the reign of Ptolemy ns Soter (‘Saviour’) (305-282 BC), Alexander was worshipped as a god and also the forefather of the dynasty.


Youthful picture of the conquer king

Hellenistic Greek, 2nd-1st century BC, stated to it is in from Alexandria, Egypt.

There room a couple of copies of Lysippus’ sculptures, consisting of the one below, which reflects a pretty typical Mediterranean visage.

A roman inn copy the a bronze made by Lysippus

Roman, imperial (1st-2nd century AD)Location: Sully wing, ground floor, Athena gallery (also called the Melpomene gallery), Room 344

Modern Latin inscription: “This effigy the Alexander the Great, discovered in 1779 (in the Piso villa) at Tivoli, was restored by Joseph Nicolas Azara.”

*Alexander"s physical summary is variously reported as of him having curly, dark blonde hair, a influential forehead, a short, jutting chin, same to reddish skin, an extreme gaze, and a short, stocky, hard figure. It has actually been commented upon more than once that Alexander had actually one dark brown eye and one blue eye! such a phenomenon does exist, so that is not too much to intend that Alexander could likewise have displayed this trait.

Video: The face of Alexander the good (Photoshop Reconstruction)

But these statues room not ours only photo sources. The Alexander Mosaic, a recovered floor decoration, depicts Alexander v distinctly middle Eastern features, although together a Roman-era image it must be taken through a grain of salt.

The Alexander Mosaic, date from circa 100 BC, is a roman inn floor mosaic initially from the home of the Faun in Pompeii, that is accused an imitation of Apelles" painting. It depicts a fight between the armies of Alexander the an excellent and Darius III that Persia and also measures 2.72 by 5.13 metres (8 ft 11 in × 16 ft 10 in). The initial is preserved in the neapolitan National archaeological Museum. The mosaic is thought to be a copy of an early 3rd-century BC Hellenistic painting.

Ultimately, however, most world would have seen Alexander together the stylised depictions ~ above his silver coins. Or rather, what they assumed was Alexander. In fact, the face on the obverse is that of Heracles, and also erroneously suspect by the creator of the Alexander Sarcophagus at Sidon come depict Alexander himself. Note the lion pelt headgear, a standard Herculean feature, and the absence of a ram’s horn, a prize of Zeus Ammon appropriated by Alexander on imagery to imply his very own divinity.

In fact, the is post-Alexandrian coinage that actually depicts him, such together this instance by Lysimachus.

So, us don’t know for pure certain. Every primary images are gone, therefore we must rely ~ above what we do have. His facial framework is likely a mixture the those illustrated on his statues, Successor-era coins and also the Alexander Mosaic, most likely closer come the previous two 보다 the latter one. Being of mostly Greek heritage, Alexander was nearly certainly the Mediterranean complexion and also hair colour.

Where to be Alexander the an excellent From?

Alexander III to be born in Pella,Macedonia (a region on the northern component of the Greek peninsula) , in 356 B.C. To King Philip II and Queen Olympias—although legend had it his father was none various other than Zeus, the ruler of the Greek gods.

Philip II was an superior military man in his very own right. He turned Macedonia right into a force to be reckoned with, and he fantasized about conquering the massivePersian Empire.

What was Alexander the Great"s ethnicity?

Alexander to be the boy of the King of Macedonia (a Greek kingdom) and a Princess native Epiros (another Greek kingdom). He spoke Greek, worshiped the Greek gods and spread Greek culture throughout the eastern Mediterranean. The made Greek the leading language and culture of what became known together the Hellenistic period. He was ethnically Greek.

How walk Alexander the good die and also when? fatality of Alexander the an excellent

The death of Alexander the great and succeeding related events have been the subjects of debates. According to a Babylonian huge diary, Alexander died between the night of June 10 and the night of June 11, 323 BC, at the age of thirty-two. This taken place in the royal residence of Nebuchadnezzar II in Babylon.Macedonians and local occupants wept at the news of the death, when Achaemenid topics shaved their heads. The mommy of Darius III, Sisygambis, having learned the Alexander"s death, refused sustenance and also died a few days later. Chroniclers vary in their assessments of primary sources around Alexander"s death, which outcomes in different views.

Proposed causes of Alexander"s death contained alcoholic liver disease, fever, and also strychnine poisoning, but tiny data support those versions. Follow to the university of Maryland college of medication report that 1998, Alexander probably passed away of typhoid fever (which, along with malaria, was common in old Babylon). In the week prior to Alexander"s death, historic accounts mention chills, sweats, exhaustion and high fever, typical symptoms of contagious diseases, including typhoid fever. Follow to David W. Oldach indigenous the college of Maryland clinical Center, Alexander additionally had "severe abdominal pain, bring about him to cry out in agony. The linked account, however, comes from the unreliable Alexander romance. Follow to Andrew N. Williams and Robert Arnott, in Alexander the Great"s critical days he ended up being mute. He ended up being mute due to the fact that of a previous injury to his neck indigenous the Siege the Cyropolis.

See more: How Does A Narcissist Deal With Death, The Narcissist'S Dead Parents

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