The Erectheion is an important primitive Greek temple located in Athens. The holy place wregarding rearea the Archaic Athena temple that had actually been raised by the Persians and also was the second a lot of necessary holy place found in Acropolis in the time of Pericles’ structure peiod . It was constructed north of the continues to be and wregarding be a composite shrine that honored the goddess Athena. The Erechtheion was started in 230 B.C.E. finiburned in 405 B.C.E. simply before the fall of Athens to Sparta. It"s situated on the sight of a mythical dispute shelp to have actually taken place between Poseidon, the sea god, and also Athena. In this dispute, Poseidon offered a salt-water well for the location by stabbing his trident right into a rock, while Athena detailed and olive tree and also won the challenge. The rock that Poseidon stabbed is now located in the North Porch of the Erechtheion. Some sources say that Mnesikles was the designer of the Erechtheion while others say the builder is unrecognized.

Structure:

The Erechtheion was developed asymmetrically, which is exceptionally unique compared to the Doric Parthenon’s throughout the way and also for a Greek temple in basic. The framework is irregular because it reflects the have to incorpoprice the tomb of Kekrops and other shrines right into one compound. The Erechtheion had actually to be developed to conform on the slope of the hill bereason of the curvy terrain. Each side was collection on various ground levels and had actually different characters. The builder yet might not make it level or aid this because it would influence the spiritual sites.

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Decorations and Shrines:

The Erechtheion had actually multiple attributes including housing many shrines, prefer the wood cult statue of Athena that was the center of the Panthenaic festival. This statue was placed inside the Erechtheion prior to the Persians assaulted. One area of the Erechtheion has a sacred spring dedicated to the Erechtheion, a legendary King of Athens. Throughout Erechtheus’ power as king, Demeter was shelp to have actually assisted the Athenians in the arts of flourishing crops and other vegetation. The Erechtheion also contains a memorial to Kekrops, the legendary founder of Athens. Kekrops was shelp to be fifty percent man, fifty percent serpent and also to have actually judged the fight in between Athena and Poseidon. The Erechtheion had actually friezes, which was a decorative band that went roughly the peak component of a wall surface in a room. They were given distinct treatment, and made from specially picked dark blue limestamong Eleusis to comparison through the white Pentelic marble of the walls and columns.

The Porches:

The north and east porches represent Ionic create on the Erechtheion.

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The porches were built making use of the Ionic order, which is even more complicated and decorative than the Doric order. The columns construct up from the bottom and also finish in volute capitols, or spiral capitols. On the West end of the South side, tbelow are 6 female figures acting as columns that are referred to as caryatides that assistance the porch. These relocation the Ionic columns.

The Porch of Maidens (displayed on the right):

The porch of maidens is on the southern side of the holy place and it deals with the Parthenon’s. It is the many important attribute of the Erechtheion in that they present the many detail and also curves on the woguys sustaining the roof from the floor. The Erechtheion has actually easy Doric capitols and it also has actually caryatids. On the Porch of the Maidens, the women are standing on one leg taking most of the weight, while the other leg is bent at the knee and laid on the bevery one of the foot. This in turn provides a feeling of serene grace and also gives the maidens an effortmuch less look. Three maidens are standing on the left while the other three are standing on the ideal giving the porch a feeling of symmetry and also rhythm. The maidens are wearing a dress that drops vertically; the maiden’s hair is loosely tied up, however contains substantial knots about the neck which provides the maidens show up organic and huguy.

Bibliography:

Addiss, Stephen, et al. ART HISTORY REVISED EDITION VOLUME ONE. New York: Paul Gottlieb, Bud Therien, 1999. Shows us even more information on Erechtheion and has a Egyptian art cover.

Stokstad, Marilyn. Art a Quick History Third Edition. New Jersey: n.p., n.d.

See more:

Tansey, Rictough G., Kdental and Fred S. Kleiner. ART THROUGH THE AGES Tenth Edition 1 Ancient Medieval, AND Non-European ART. Ft Worth, Texas: Ted Buchholz, n.d. More Detailed art book provided to find even more indevelopment on the Erechtheion Templ, Golden Cover, pages 154-156.