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You are watching: Oxford encyclopedia of ancient egypt

Featuring 600 original articles written by leading scholars, The Oxford Encyclopedia of ancient Egypt goes far past the documents of archaeology to make obtainable what we know about the complete social, political, religious, cultural and artistic legacy that this 5,000 year civilization.

The Encyclopedia offers the most complete snapshot available of old Egyptian civilization, from the predynastic era to its eclipse in the seventh century CE. Below is the Egyptian world in illuminating, accessible detail: art, architecture, religion, language, literature, trade, politics, everyday social life and the society of the court. Of unique interest is the coverage that themes and issues the are specifically controversial—such together the new theories the the origins of complex society in the Nile Valley, new discoveries about Greco-Roman Egypt, and brand-new developments in literature, religion, linguistics and other fields, consisting of the debates about Egypt"s african legacy.

Extensively shown with photographs, heat drawings, and also maps, the Encyclopedia of ancient Egypt is designed because that the widest feasible access, serving students, teachers, and scholars in areas ranging indigenous Near eastern archaeology and classics to old art, architecture, history, language and also religion, and general reader fascinated by a world that remains—even today— incompletely mapped.

See more: A New Art Form Known As “Installation”:, A New Art Form Known As Installation

Published through Oxford university Press, 2001.

Table that Contents

A – B | C – E | F – H | i – l | M – N | O – Q | R – S | T – Z

A – B

Abu GhurobAbu RowashAbu SimbelAbusirAbydosAbydos ListAcaciaAchaemenidsAdministrationAdministrative TextsAegeanAfrocentrismAfterlifeAgricultureA-groupAhmoseAhmose-NefertariAkhAkhenatenAkhmimAlabasterAlexanderAlexandriaAllegoryAmarna, call El- Amarna LettersAmarna PeriodAmasisAmenemhat that Beni HasanAmenemhet IAmenemhet IIIAmenhotep, child of HapuAmenhotpe IAmenhotpe IIAmenhotpe IIIAmethystAmphibians and ReptilesAmratian PeriodAmuletsAmun and Amun-ReAnatoliaAncestor CultsAncient HistoriansAnibaAnimal HusbandryAnkhAnkhsheshonqyAnkhtifi that MoʿallaAnnalsAnubisApisAppeal to the LivingApriesArchaeological and Research InstitutionsArchaeologyArchaic PeriodArchaismArcheryArchitectureArmantArtArtists and ArtisansAsasifAshmuneinAssyriaAstrologyAstronomyAswanAsyutAteliersAtenAtumAutobiographiesAvarisAyBaBadariBadarian PeriodBakenrenefBanquetsBarberingBasketry, Matting, and also CordageBastetBattle the KadeshBeardsBeautyBeerBees and HoneyBeetlesBehbeit El-hagarBeni HasanBershehBesBiblical TraditionBiographiesBirdsBirthBocchorisBook of Going soon By DayBook of the Which Is In the UnderworldBook of the DeadBreadBreedingBricks and Brick ArchitectureBronzeBronze StatuettesBrother-sister MarriagesBubastisBuhenBull GodsBurial PracticesButoByblos

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C – E

CalciteCalendarsCalendars that Lucky and Unlucky DaysCanaanCaninesCanopic Jars and also ChestsCaptionsCarchemishCarnelianCarter, HowardCartographyCartonnageCartoucheCattleCenotaphsCeramicsCeremonial Mace HeadsC-groupChalcedonyChampollion, Jean-FrançoisChenoboskionCheopsChephrenChildhoodChronology and PeriodizationCircumcisionCitiesCleanlinessCleopatra VIIClothing and personal AdornmentCoffins, Sarcophagi, and CartonnagesCoffin TextsCoinageColor SymbolismConsanguinous MarriagesContendings that Horus and SethCopperCoptic LiteratureCoptsCoregencyCorrespondenceCosmeticsCosmogoniesCostumeCreation MythsCreteCrime and also PunishmentCrocodilesCrownsCultsCursesCynopolisCyprusDabʿa, tell Ed-DahshurDanceDaraDeathDeciphermentDeformityDeificationDeir DurunkaDeir El-bahriDeir El-medinaDeitiesDemonsDemotic LiteratureDenderaDental CareDesert EnvironmentsDesertsDestruction the MankindDietDiodorosDiorite and also Related RocksDiplomatic MarriagesDiseaseDivinityDivorceDjoserDomesticationDonkeysDoomed PrinceDra Abul NagaDramaDream BooksDuamutefDwarvesEarly Dynastic PeriodEastern Desert and also Red SeaEconomyEdfuEducationEducational InstitutionsEgyptian BlueEgyptian King ListEgyptologyEgyptomaniaEighteenth DynastyElephantineElephantsElkabEloquent PeasantEmbalmingEncomiaEngineeringEnneadsEpigraphyEpithetsEquinesEroticaEsnaEthics and also MoralityEuphrates RiverExecration TextsExecutionExodus

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F – H

FaienceFaiyumFalse DoorFamilyFantastic AnimalsFateFaunaFeline DeitiesFelinesFertilityFestival CalendarsFestival DramasFestivalsFifteenth DynastyFifth DynastyFirst intermediary PeriodFishFloraFlowersForeign AdministrationForeignersForeign IncursionsForts and GarrisonsFoundation DepositsFour boy of HorusFourth DynastyFrogsFruitsFunerary ConesFunerary FigurinesFunerary LiteratureFunerary RitualFurnitureGamesGardensGazaGebGebel BarkalGebeleinGebel Es-silsilaGemsGender RolesGeographyGeologyGerzean PeriodGestureGiraffesGizaGlassGlassworkingGnostic TextsGoatsGoldGraffitiGrammarGraniteGrid SystemsHairstylesHammamat, WadiHapyHardedefHaremHaresHarkhufHarpokratesHarwaHathorHatnubHatshepsutHawawishHealingHedgehogsHeliopolisHeliopolitan CosmogonyHellHematiteHemerologiesHerakleopolisHerihorHermopolisHermopolitan CosmogonyHerodotusHierakonpolisHippopotamiHistorical SourcesHistoriographyHittitesHoneyHordjedefHoremhebHorkhufHoroscopesHorsesHorusHousesHumor and also SatireHuntingHygieneHyksosHymnsIchneumonIhnasya El-medinaIkhernofretIllahunImhotepImmortalityImperialismInheritanceInsectsInsigniasInsinger PapyrusInstruction of PtahhotepInstructions for MerikareInstructions the a guy For His SonInstructions the AmenemhetInstructions that AmenemopeInstructions that AniiInstructions of HordjedefInstructions of KagemniInstructions the KhetyInterpretation the EvidenceIntoxicationInundationIpuwerIron IrrigationIsisIslam and old EgyptIsraelIvoryJasperJerusalemJewelryJoppaJosephJournalsJubileeJudgment that the DeadJustice

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I – K

KaKa-chapelKadeshKamoseKamutefKaranisKarnakKawaKemitKermaKhaemwasetKhafreKhasekhemwyKhefrenKheopsKhnumKhnumhotep II the Beni HasanKhokhahKhonsuKhufuKing ListsKingshipKinshipKiyaKom OmboKushKushite Period

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L – N

LakesLand and SoilLandholdingLanguageLapis LazuliLate PeriodLawLeatherLeatherworkingLebanonLebensmüdeLegitimationLepsius, knife RichardLettersLetters come the DeadLibyaLimestoneLionLisht, El-LiteracyLiteratureLoan WordsLoomsLotusLower EgyptLuxorLyricMaatMagicMalachiteManethoManichaean Texts man Who to be Weary that LifeMarketsMarriage and also DivorceMaskhuta, call El-MasksMastabaMathematicsMeatMedamudMedicineMedinet HabuMediterranean AreaMegiddoMeidumMeirMemphisMemphite TheologyMendesMenesMenkaureMerenptahMererukaMerikareMerneithMeroëMesopotamiaMiddle EgyptMiddle KingdomMilitaryMilkMinMineralsMinesMirgissaMirrorsMitanniMnevisMoʿallaModelsMoneyMonkeys and also BaboonsMonotheismMontuMontuemhetMontuhotep I, NebhepetreMoonMortuary CultMortuary LiteratureMortuary TempleMosesMummificationMuseumsMusicMutMut PrecinctMycenaeMythological TextsMythsNaga Ed-deirNag HammadiNag Hammadi Codices and Related TextsNamesNapataNaqadaNaqada i Naqada IINaqada IIINarmerNarrativesNatronNatrun, WadiNatural ResourcesNavyNecho INecho IINecropolisNefertiNefertitiNefertumNegative ConfessionNeithNeithhotepNekhen NektaneboNephthysNew KingdomNileNine BowsNineteenth DynastyNitokrisNomarchNomeNubiaNun NursesNut

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O – Q

OasesObeliskOfferingsOfficialsOgdoadsOils and FatsOld KingdomOnomasticaOpening that the MouthOpet FestivalOraclesOral TraditionOsirisOsorkonOstracaOverseer that PriestsOxyrhynchusPaintingPalacesPalermo StonePalettesPalmPan-grave PeoplePapyrusPapyrus Rylands IXPapyrus WestcarParadisePatriarchyPeoplePepinakht HeqaibPepy IPepy IIPerfumePersiaPersian PeriodPetamenophisPetosirisPetrie, wilhelm Matthew FlindersPetuabastisPharaohPhiladelphiaPhilaePhoeniciaPietyPigsPiramessePithomPiya PlutarchPoetryPolygamyPortraiturePotteryPoultryPredynastic PeriodPrices and PaymentPriestessesPriesthoodPropertyPsammetichusPsamtik IPtahPtolemaic PeriodPunishmentPuntPygmiesPylonPyramidPyramid TextsQantirQebehsenuefQuarries and also MinesQuartziteQubbet El-hawaQueensQurna

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R – S

RaceRamesses IRamesses IIRamesses III Ramesses IVRamesses VIRamesses IXRamesses XIRamesses—Hattusilis CorrespondenceRe and also Re-horakhtyRebirthRedistributionReference WorksRekhmireRelief Sculpture ReligionReserve HeadsRhinocerosesRifehRoman OccupationRopemakingRosetta StoneRoyal CultsRoyal FamilyRoyal RolesRoyal dig PaintingSacred AnimalsSacred Barks SaisSaite PeriodSandstoneSaqqaraSarcophagiSatireScarabsSceptersScienceScorpionsScribesScriptsSculptureSeafaringSeals and also SealingsSea PeoplesSeasons second Intermediate PeriodSed FestivalSedmentSekhmetSemnaSenenmutSennedjemSenwosret ISenwosret IIISesostrisSethSetna Khaemwase CycleSety ISety IISeventeenth DynastySexualityShabaqaShabtisShadowShawabtisSheep and also GoatsShenouteSheshonq IShips and ShipbuildingShipwrecked SailorShuShuppiluliumasSiheilSilverSinaiSinuheSistrumSixth DynastySlavesSnakesSneferu SobekSobekneferuSocial StratificationSokarSomtutefnakhtSothic CyclesSoulSphinxSportsState StatuaryStelaeStoneworkingStorage Strabo SunSymbolsSyria-palestine

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T – Z

TabooTaharqaTaking of JoppaTanisTaweretTaxationTechnology and also EngineeringTefnutTell Ed-dabʿaTell El-amarnaTell El-maskhutaTell El-yahudiyyaTemplesTetiTextilesTheban NecropolisThebesThird DynastyThird intermediate PeriodThirteenth DynastyThirtieth DynastyThirty-first DynastyThothThutmose IThutmose IIIThutmose IVTigris RiverTimeTitularyTiyeTodToiletries and CosmeticsTomb rob PapyriTombsToolsTrade and also MarketsTransportationTreesTuna El-gebelTuraTurin CanonTurquoise TutankhamunTwelfth DynastyTwentieth DynastyTwenty-fifth DynastyTwenty-sixth DynastyTwo BrothersUgaritUnderworldUpper EgyptUshebtisValley FestivalValley that the kings Valley that the QueensVegetablesVesselsViceroy that Kush VizierVocabularyWealthWeaponsWeaving, Looms, and TextilesWedjahorresneWeights and MeasuresWenamunWeniWepwawetWestern Desert WigsWilbour PapyrusWineWisdom TextsWisdom TraditionWomenWoodWoodworkingWork ForceWritingX-groupYahudiyya, tell El- ZodiacZoological Gardens