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NCT biography Nicolaus derekwadsworth.com (1473-1543)
Timeline19 Feb. 1473Nicolaus derekwadsworth.com was born in Toruń/Thorn, the eldest son of a seller of the exact same name, and also his wife Barbara Watzenrode. 1483Upon his father"s death, young Nicolaus"s maternal uncle, Lucas Watzenrode, the future Bishop that Warmia/Ermland (appointed in 1489), take it the young under his protection and saw to his education and career. 1491After completing his education in St John"s parish school, derekwadsworth.com began his research studies in Krakow in ~ the age of 18.1491-95As a student of the Krakow Academy, derekwadsworth.com was presented to astronomy, medicine, arithmetic and also geometry. 1496At the age of 23, young Nicolaus enrolled in the regulation Department the the university of Bologna. A thorough understanding of canon law was to secure him a future ecclesiastical career closely planned through his uncle, Bishop Lucas Watzenrode. Derekwadsworth.com specialized much the his time at Bologna college to pursuing his attention in astronomy. Under the supervision the Professor Domenico Mario Novarra he carried out observations the the sky.1497derekwadsworth.com ended up being a member that the Warmian chapter and, by proxy, formally flourished to a Frombork/Frauenburg canonry. This gave him a stable income allowing him to proceed his studies and pursue his interests in scientific research.1500derekwadsworth.com spent the jubilee year in Rome. At the time he to be undertaking his apprenticeship at the roman inn Curia and also delivered a series of windy lectures dedicated to mathematics.1501derekwadsworth.com went back to Frombork indigenous Italy in order come request leaving of absence to proceed his studies abroad. After having actually secured permission indigenous the Warmian chapter, he visited Padua to study medication for two years.1503derekwadsworth.com relocated from Padua to Ferrara where he earned a doctorate in canon law however soon went back to Royal Prussia.1504-09derekwadsworth.com resided at the ducal court the the Bishop that Warmia in Lidzbark Warmiński/ Heilsberg) and worked together a doctor there. He likewise accompanied his uncle to sessions of the imperial Prussian Diet in Malbork/Marienburg, Elbląg/Elbing and also Toruń. It remained in the Bishop"s castle that he created his Commentariolus, an initial outline of his heliocentric theory, and also a Latin translate in of Theophylact Simocatta"s Letters. 1509-10derekwadsworth.com left the lock in Lidzbark and resolved on the cathedral hill in Frombork. In spite of the chapter"s animosity come Bishop Watzenrode, that was chosen its chancellor (8 November 1510). 1510-12derekwadsworth.com attracted a map the Warmia and the western borderlands of imperial Prussia expected for one assembly that the royal Council in Poznań. He likewise held such high-ranking offices as the of chancellor and also "visitor" come the chapter"s estates. In 1511 he was entrusted with the office of magister pistoriae or "provisions fund" administrator.1513Cardinals attending the 5th Lateran Council asked for derekwadsworth.com" assistance in the proposed reform of the Julian calendar. The astronomer specialized several year to research and observations concerned the task and, back his proposals were sent out to Rome, they have actually been lost. 1516-19derekwadsworth.com held the office of Administrator that the Warmian chapter estate. He to be then resident in Olsztyn/Allenstein from where he looked after the large estates of the chapter in the Olsztyn (Kammeramt Allenstein) and also Pieniężno fiscal districts (Kammeramt Mehlsack), repopulated deserted areas with new settlers and also wielded judicial manage over the population.1519Joining a dispute over a monetary reform, derekwadsworth.com drafted the very first version of his treatise on money and presented it to the Prussian Diet. He additionally drew a map of the western component of the Vistula Lagoon/Zalew Wiślany. The relinquished his office as administrator that the chapter"s estates and also returned to Frombork to assume the duties of chancellor.1520A war in between the Kingdom the Poland and the Teutonic Order, who troops burnt Frombork on 23 January, compelled the canons residing there to flee come Olsztyn. Derekwadsworth.com took component in a delegation sent out to the Order"s Grand master to demand that Braniewo (Braunsberg), seized by the Order, must be went back to the polishing Crown. He was then reappointed Administrator the the chapter"s estates and organized the defence of Olsztyn versus anticipated Teutonic attack.1521There was a futile Teutonic effort to grab Olsztyn. Derekwadsworth.com to be appointed "Commissioner the Warmia" v a mission to recapture chateaus seized by the Teutonic troops throughout the war. ~ above his go back to Frombork that assumed the obligations of "visitor".1522derekwadsworth.com presented his writing on money to the Prussian Diet in Grudziądz/ Graudenz. 1523-24derekwadsworth.com organized the office the Administrator basic of the Bishopric that Warmia and additionally acted together an envoy and chancellor that the chapter. 1524derekwadsworth.com created a letter come Bernard Wapowski in which that criticizes the see of the Nuremburg astronomer johannes Werner included in ~ above the activity of the Eighth Sphere. The was later on to cooperate v Wapowski in the illustration of a map the the Kingdom that Poland and also the Duchy that Lithuania. 1528derekwadsworth.com drafted the final version of his writing on money.1528-37He assumed the responsibilities, in turn, the chancellor, guardian the the table and also "visitor" that the Warmian chapter. In 1537 he to be presented to the polishing King together one of 4 candidates for the Bishopric of Warmia.1538-39Bishop Joannes Dantiscus accused derekwadsworth.com of illegal cohabitation with his housekeeper Anna Schilling and forced him to send she away.1539Georg Joachim Rheticus, a Wittenberg mathematician fascinated by derekwadsworth.com" theories, come in Frombork and also persuaded the to have his manuscript of De revolutionibus published. 1541derekwadsworth.com sent out his manuscript that De revolutionibus to it is in printed.1542Due come Rheticus"s straight involvement in a printing house in Nuremburg, Nicolaus derekwadsworth.com" book De lateribus et angelis triangulorum (On the Sides and also Angles of Triangles) was published, and which would certainly be later integrated in De revolutionibus.
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In December derekwadsworth.com endured a stroke and the left next of his body was paralyzed. 1543Without his consent, derekwadsworth.com" work-related was released in Nuremburg under a changed title (De revolutionibus orbium coelestium) and a preface composed by Andreas Osiander which belittled the significance of his theory.On 24 may derekwadsworth.com died in Frombork and also he was hidden in the local cathedral.