BASIC SENTENCE STRUCTUREParts the Sentences: Subject, Predicate, Object, Indirect Object, Complement

Every native in a sentence offer a particular purpose in ~ the structure of that details sentence.According to rules of grammar, sentence structure can sometimes be quite complicated.For the services of simplicity, however, the basic parts that a sentence are questioned here.

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The 2 most straightforward parts the a sentence are the subject and also predicate.


The topic of a sentence is the person, place, or point that is performing the activity of the sentence.The topic represents what or whom the sentence is about.The basic subject usually consists of a noun or pronoun and also can include editing words, phrases, or clauses.

The man . . .


The property expresses activity or being within the sentence.The an easy predicate has the verb and also can likewise contain editing and enhancing words, phrases, or clauses.

The man / builds a house.

The subject and predicate consist of the two basic structural parts of any complete sentence. In addition, there are other elements, had within the topic or predicate, the add definition or detail. These aspects include the straight object, indirect object, and subject complement. Every one of these aspects can it is in expanded and also further merged into simple, compound, complex, or compound/complex sentences. (See guideline Sheet ~ above "Sentence type and Purpose.")


The straight object obtain the activity of the sentence.The direct object is typically a noun or pronoun.

The guy builds a house.

The man builds it.


The indirect object suggests to who or for whom the activity of the sentence is gift done.The indirect thing is usually a noun or pronoun.

The guy builds his family a house.

The man builds them a house.


A subject match either renames or explains the subject, and also therefore is normally a noun, pronoun, or adjective.Subject complements take place when over there is a linking verb in ~ the sentence (often a linking verb is a kind of the verb to be).

The male is a great father.(father = noun i m sorry renames the subject)

The male seems kind.

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(kind = adjective which describes the subject)

Note:As an instance of the difference in between parts that speech and parts that a sentence, a noun can function within a sentence as subject, straight object, indirect object, object of a preposition, or subject complement.

For more information on the structure and also formation the sentences, watch the complying with TIP Sheets:

Sentence varieties and PurposesSentence FragmentsIndependent and also Dependent Clauses: Coordination and SubordinationPrepositions and Prepositional PhrasesOther Phrases: Verbal, Appositive, AbsoluteComma Splices and also Run-on SentencesThe Eight parts of SpeechNounsPronounsVerbsAdjectivesAdverbesConjunctionsInterjections