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In contemporary day, the most credible method to understand nature and also the cosmos is via scientific research. Science is characterized as:

the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic research of the structure and behaviour of the physical and also natural world through observation and also experiment.

You are watching: Latin word for knowledge

(Oxford Dictionary)

The root of the word scientific research originates from the latin, scientia, which indicates expertise. Knowledge originates from the Greek word, Gnosis, signifying knowing through monitoring or suffer. The clinical technique is a means of getting understanding through repertoire of information, monitorings, testing and also formulating testeady hypotheses.

But, scientific research is not the just means of obtaining knowledge.

Types of knowledge

Knowledge that is obtained via sense-perception is called a posteriori or empirical knowledge. For empiricists, tright here is no various other sort of understanding. On the various other hand, rationalists think that true knowledge can just be found a priori, or through deductive thinking and logic, which are processes that are hardwired in the humale brain and independent of sensory suffer.

Immanuel Kant blfinished the empirical and rationalist perspectives: he shelp that understanding may start with experience however it does not aclimb from experience. According to Kant, a priori knowledge is transcendental and based on the create of all feasible endure, while a posteriori or empirical knowledge based upon the content of suffer.

Carl Jung, coined the term “Collective Unconscious”, which signifies the unmindful, imindividual universal mind mutual by all mankind, which frequently communicates via icons and archetypes. Information stored in the collective unconscious can be considered a resource of knowledge, which Jung argues additionally has a profound affect on sensory endure.

Illustration of the framework of Hell according to Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy. By Sandro Botticelli (between 1480 and also 1490). According to Carl Jung, hell represents, among eextremely society, the disturbing facet of the collective unmindful.

Interestingly, the ancient art form, alchemy, is central to Jung’s principle of the cumulative unconscious. Much of the large range of symbols supplied in alchemy draws from the Collective Unconscious of the West.

The alchemists’ saying, “As above, so below.” means that what is happening in the civilization is a symbolic reflection of what is happening inside of ourselves. Alchemy has actually a double nature: it is both a chemical process via a parallel mystical component. For instance, the magnum opus (“good work”) is discovering the Philosopher’s Stone, or a substance that have the right to turn lead right into gold. This is typically taken literally and also hence misinterpreted: it suggests turning the lead of the self right into spiritual gold, and is analogous to the eastern idea of enlightenment or awakened consciousness.

For the Hindu’s, understanding of self or self-realization is Atman jnana. Jnana signifies expertise, as acquired through meditation. Atman, oneself or the mystery of our life, is the same with ultimate fact or Brahman. For Tibetan Buddhists, jnana implies pure awareness that is free of conceptual encumbrances. It is above factor and also can never before be attained by factor alone.

The Upanishads, prehistoric Hindu messages composed somewright here in between 1000 BC – 500 BC, disclose the nature of ultimate fact and flexibility from samsara (the cycle of life and also death) through self-realization (Atmale jana).

The Katha Upanishad actually is the story of a boy, Nachiketa that meets Yama, the Hindu lord of death, who reveals:

“when the consciousness of Atguy manifests itself, guy becomes free from the jaws of death”.

" data-medium-file="https://derekwadsworth.com.papers.wordpush.com/2015/04/yama_with_danda.jpg?w=195" data-large-file="https://derekwadsworth.com.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/yama_with_danda.jpg?w=397" class="size-full wp-image-88" src="https://derekwadsworth.com.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/yama_with_danda.jpg?w=664" alt="Yama, the Hindu lord of death" srcset="https://derekwadsworth.com.documents.wordpress.com/2015/04/yama_with_danda.jpg 397w, https://derekwadsworth.com.papers.wordpress.com/2015/04/yama_with_danda.jpg?w=98 98w, https://derekwadsworth.com.records.wordpush.com/2015/04/yama_with_danda.jpg?w=195 195w" sizes="(max-width: 397px) 100vw, 397px" />Yama, the Hindu lord of deathIn the adhering to quote, Yama brings together, empiricism (senses, object and also mind), rationalism (pure reason), Kant, Jung, the Alchemists and the Gnostics (Atmale and also Avyaktam) and the Cosmic Soul:

“Beyond, the senses are their objects, beyond the object is the mind. Beyond the mind is pure factor, and beyond pure reason is the Spirit in guy (Atman). 

Beyond the Spirit in male (Atman) is the Spirit of the Universe (Avyaktam), and also past is Purusha, the Cosmic spirit. There is nopoint is beyond Purusha; this is the goal, the highest Road.”

Reconciling knowledge

Science is a reliable of way of expertise the physical and also material realm. However, scientific development, creation and exploration regularly aclimb from, creative thinking intuition, desires and flashes of understanding (E.g. Albert Einstein, Neils Bohr, Archimedes, Mendelev etc). Creative ideas seemingly come out of the ether, yet can then be empirically tested and also showed scientifically.

Both a priori understanding, such as factor, intuition and also logic, and also a posteriori, or empirical expertise, are essential for male to construct an expertise of life and the world. In many mystical and also spiritual legacies, the secret to ultimate knowledge is “knowing thyself” or self-realization, which cannot be obtained via reason or empirical approaches alone.

See more: If Rome Had Never Fallen, What If Rome Never Fell ? What If Rome Never Fell

Mystical experience is vital to reveal the inner nature of things while science is crucial for modern life.