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In modern day, the most credible way to recognize nature and also the cosmos is v science. Scientific research is identified as:

the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study that the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.

You are watching: Latin word for knowledge

(Oxford Dictionary)

The source of the word science originates indigenous the latin, scientia, which means knowledge. Knowledge originates from the Greek word, Gnosis, signifying discovering through monitoring or experience. The scientific an approach is a way of obtaining knowledge through collection of data, observations, experimentation and formulating testable hypotheses.

But, scientific research is not the only means of gaining knowledge.

Types of knowledge

Knowledge that is derived through sense-perception is called a posteriori or empirical knowledge. For empiricists, over there is no other kind the knowledge. ~ above the other hand, rationalists believe that true knowledge deserve to only be found a priori, or with deductive reasoning and also logic, which are procedures that are hardwired in the human brain and elevation of sensory experience.

Immanuel Kant combined the empirical and also rationalist perspectives: he stated that understanding may begin with experience but it does no arise native experience. Follow to Kant, a priori knowledge is transcendental and based ~ above the type of all feasible experience, while a posteriori or empirical knowledge based upon the content of experience.

Carl Jung, coined the ax “Collective Unconscious”, i beg your pardon signifies the unconscious, impersonal global mind common by all humanity, which regularly communicates through symbols and archetypes. Information stored in the collective unconscious have the right to be thought about a resource of knowledge, i beg your pardon Jung argues likewise has a profound influence on sensory experience.

Illustration that the structure of Hell follow to Dante Alighieri’s magnificent Comedy. Through Sandro Botticelli (between 1480 and also 1490). Follow to Carl Jung, hell represents, amongst every culture, the disturbing aspect of the cumulative unconscious.

Interestingly, the old art form, alchemy, is central to Jung’s idea of the cumulative unconscious. Much of the substantial array that symbols supplied in alchemy draws indigenous the Collective Unconscious of the West.

The alchemists’ saying, “As above, therefore below.” way that what is keep going in the civilization is a symbolic enjoy of what is happening inside of ourselves. Alchemy has a dual nature: the is both a chemical process with a parallel mystical component. For example, the magnum opus (“great work”) is learning the Philosopher’s Stone, or a problem that deserve to turn lead right into gold. This is frequently taken literally and also thus misinterpreted: it way turning the command of the self into spiritual gold, and also is analogous to the eastern principle of enlightenment or awakened consciousness.

For the Hindu’s, understanding of self or self-realization is Atman jnana. Jnana signifies knowledge, as gained through meditation. Atman, oneself or the secret of our life, is similar with ultimate reality or Brahman. For Tibetan Buddhists, jnana means pure awareness the is complimentary of conceptual encumbrances. That is above reason and also can never ever be attained by reason alone.

The Upanishads, ancient Hindu texts written somewhere between 1000 BC – 500 BC, expose the nature of can be fried reality and freedom native samsara (the cycle of life and also death) through self-realization (Atman jana).

The Katha Upanishad is the story the a boy, Nachiketa that meets Yama, the Hindu lord of death, that reveals:

“when the consciousness of Atman manifests itself, man becomes totally free from the jaws that death”.

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“Beyond, the senses space their objects, past the object is the mind. Beyond the mind is pure reason, and also beyond pure factor is the heart in guy (Atman). 

Beyond the heart in male (Atman) is the soul of the universe (Avyaktam), and also beyond is Purusha, the Cosmic soul. There is naught is past Purusha; this is the goal, the highest Road.”

Reconciling knowledge

Science is a reputable of way of knowledge the physical and also material realm. Nevertheless, clinical innovation, invention and also discovery frequently arise from, creativity intuition, dreams and also flashes of understanding (E.g. Albert Einstein, Neils Bohr, Archimedes, Mendelev etc). Creative ideas look at come the end of the ether, however can then be empirically tested and also verified scientifically.

Both a priori knowledge, such as reason, intuition and also logic, and a posteriori, or empirical knowledge, are essential for man to construct an understanding of life and also the universe. In most mystical and spiritual traditions, the an enig to ultimate knowledge is “knowing thyself” or self-realization, which cannot be derived through reason or empirical methods alone.

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Mystical suffer is crucial to reveal the inside nature of things while science is important for modern life.