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About the Author: Melissa Smith has taught A.P. U.S. History for end 20 years. She has actually been connected in the A.P. U.S. Background reading because that 18 years as a reader, a table leader, the DBQ question leader, and also currently as an exam leader. She additionally recently offered on the Test advancement Committee because that the sat U.S. Background Subject Test.

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The French and also Indian war (1754-1763) developed Britain together the european authority in north America, catalyzed the starts of an American identity, and collection the phase for the American revolution of 1776. Through a british victory, brother not only solidified that land cases in phibìc America but likewise thoroughly beat its europe enemies, which left Britain as the world’s judgment super power. Unfortunately, the big expense the the war compelled Britain to raise taxes throughout the empire and end the salutary neglect of the critical century. Together Britain started implementing and enforcing new taxes, the colonists in America−fresh turn off being external inspection by fighting a war−realized that only together might they fight against Britain’s attempts at governance and control over the colonies.

The French and also Indian battle (1754-1763) created Britain together the european authority in north America, catalytic analysis the beginnings of an American identity, and collection the stage for the American change of 1776.


The French and also Indian War started in the Ohio Valley.

The French and also Indian War began in the Ohio Valley. While France had actually long claimed the vast territory west the the Appalachian Mountains, only around 90,000 French homesteaders lived there. In the comparably smaller sized parcel of land eastern of the Appalachians populated by the British, just fewer 보다 2 million colonists called that home. Numerous Virginians preferred expansion and formed the Ohio company to speculate and also acquire western land, in spite of French claims. In 1754, the governor of early american Virginia sent out a young, 22-year-old George Washington come the Ohio valley to warn turn off the French and also protect Virginia’s investments. Washington led a tiny company of early american volunteers and also Native American allies who fought with the French near great Meadows, not far from contemporary Pittsburg. Washington’s men killed plenty of French Canadians, including their commander, and then retreated to fort Necessity a couple of miles away. As Washington withdrew, the French established partnerships with the Delaware and Shawnee people. Within a few months, a bigger French force surrounded fort Necessity and also compelled Washington to surrender but permitted him and his survivors to return to Virginia. Historians take into consideration Washington’s skirmishes with the French to it is in the opened battles that the French and Indian War.


The Albany Congress would certainly lay the groundwork for future colonial meetings such together the stamp Act Congress and also the continental Congresses.

At almost the exact same time as Washington’s surrender at fort Necessity, seven swarms (New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut, brand-new Hampshire, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, and Maryland) met in ~ the Albany Congress. Some colonists wanted to create a defense versus the cultivation French and Indian threat and attempt come secure an alliance through the Mohawk people. Benjamin Franklin supplied this meeting to current his setup of Union, i beg your pardon proposed the creation of a early american executive power that would certainly oversee trade laws and also military preparedness for the British north American colonies. The colonial assemblies, however, never ever took this arrangement of Union very seriously. Colonial assemblies to be uninterested in combine money, militias, and the authority they already wielded separately of each other, worried the this plan of Union would dilute their individual authority. However, the Albany Congress would lay the groundwork for future early american meetings such together the rubber stamp Act Congress and also the continental Congresses. This set an essential precedent because that collaborative meetings in between the colonies and created the nascent idea of one American identity–separate and distinct native the identities of a “Virginian” or a “New Yorker.” Additionally, the Albany Congress to be the an initial expression of the idea the a single, national federal government uniting all of the colonies into one politics body.


By 1756, the phibìc American early american war advanced into a world war, the 7 Years’ War, as the European empires allied themselves against each other.

By 1756, the north American colonial war evolved into a human being war, the 7 Years’ War, as the European realms allied themselves versus each other. Britain and also Prussia allied versus the forces of France, Spain, and also Austria. Britain no only devoted more soldiers and supplies to the war in north America but likewise launched major offenses in the West Indies, India, and West Africa. The increased number of British soldiers and equipment in phibìc America resulted in Britain successfully defeating the French in Quebec in 1759 and Montreal the adhering to year.

The French and also Indian battle concluded v the treaty of Paris signed in 1763. Brothers won control of French Canada and also all land east of the Mississippi River, including Spanish Florida. In compensation because that a lost Florida, Spain got all land west the the Mississippi River.


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The results of the French and Indian battle are far-ranging to the research of United says history.

The aftermath of the French and also Indian battle are far-reaching to the study of United states history. For one, France to be humiliated through this defeat and wanted revenge; your simmering anger will certainly eventually assist American ambassadors to convince France come ally with them in America’s war for independence from Britain. For the British phibìc American colonies, the conclusion of the war initially developed a patriotic zeal and also pride in belonging come the brothers Empire. Homesteaders had battled side through side v the brother military and successfully defeated their foes. Furthermore, British colonists fought together their fellow colonists, which developed a cultivation sense that American nationalism numerous colonists began to think that themselves together Americans, instead of members the disparate and dissimilar colonies.


The British government was exasperated at the colonists’ opportunism, an especially their persistence in trading through the French while concurrently fighting them on the battlefield.

This patriotism possibly covered up part festering problems in between the colonies and the homeland. Many British colonists were unimpressed v the brothers soldiers’ abilities at frontier combat and were frustrated by the contempt the the British commanders had for the colonial fighters. In return, the British government was exasperated at the colonists’ opportunism, specifically their persistence in trading v the French while concurrently fighting them on the battlefield. This frustration will result in the sugar Act in 1764–an attempt to border the molasses trade in between the brother colonies and also the French West Indies–as well together the issuance of writs of assistance to allow for searches of early american ships in an effort to protect against illegal trade.

The war also raised serious inquiries for the brother government around how they would control the phibìc American land gained from the treaty.

The war likewise raised serious concerns for the british government around how lock would control the phibìc American land gained from the treaty. Thousands of aboriginal Americans occupied this floor while thousands of British homesteaders hungrily wished to broaden their trade and also their ranches westward. The outbreak the Pontiac’s battle in 1763 portrayed this tension in between the native Americans and British troops and colonists. Pontiac, one Ottawa leader, assisted to organize Native human being from numerous tribes and also attacked several British forts and also settlements. Hostilities ended with peace negotiations between the native Americans and the brother government, yet the problem of early american settlement on indigenous land was never ever resolved to anyone’s satisfaction.


Most notably, the French and also Indian War significantly increased the brother debt. Easy to understand the British federal government would need to boost taxes to pay back this debt and also the swarms would need to start paying their fair share. This would lead to early american taxes such as the rubber stamp Act (1765) and the Townshend action (1767), which homesteaders met with good resistance, declare the British government had no ideal to “taxation without representation,” because the colonists had no chosen representation in Parliament whereby the taxes to be being created.

Most notably, the French and Indian War considerably increased the brothers debt.

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The French and Indian battle is an example of the tense and brutal compete of europe powers, their colonists, and also Native Americans over land in phibìc America. While British soldiers, british colonists, and Native Americans may have battled side by side in this conflict, the French and also Indian war would dramatically alter the relationship of these completing interests. An excellent Britain essential to pay for this war, brothers colonists began to increasingly determine as “Americans,” and Native Americans had actually to create brand-new alliances and also fight because that their very survival. This kind of a global war to be not brand-new in 1756 nor would certainly it be the critical of this type of multi-national conflict. After every global war, over there is a dramatic shift in the international power structure. Britain, as the winner, came to be the world’s foremost supermacht with realm that extended the whole globe. There is no a far-ranging enemy, Britain rotate its focus towards arising its colonies. However, the critical century of salutary ignore in the colonies established one autonomous soul in the recently united American colonists. This collision course would result in the next war the Britain and also the colonists would fight.