The Cyclops

How many kind of eyes? One, two or three? The reality about Cyclops. Such a creature actually existed (really!)

The one point the majority of people recognize around the Cyclopes (plural of Cyclops) is that they had actually a solitary eye in the middle of their face. But artists might not, or did not constantly want to portray them thus: here is a selection:

Two-eyed?
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Three-eyed?
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One-eyed?
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Meet the original Cyclops!

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About 2,000,000 years ago elephants came down on various Mediterranean islands
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- consisting of Sicily, and began to obtain smaller: some being ultimately less than one quarter of the size of their Mammoth relatives. The mini-elephants ended up being extinct just about 8,000 years back - coincidentally at about the time that our Neolithic ancestors were colonising the islands. The exploration of a dwarf elephant skull would certainly not have been an unexplained occasion, even 5,000 years later on, when the initially Mycenaean Greeks were making call with the island.

All elephants, of course, have actually a distinct feature: their nose is elongated to develop a trunk. But this proboscis has no bones in it - an elephant"s skeleton would certainly provide little clue as to the physiognomy of its original owner- specifically to a populace unmindful of a past elephant populace, or that had never before seen or even heard of an elephant. In fact the nasal cavity looks favor nothing so a lot as a solitary enormous eye-socket. Hence the Cyclops legend? The dwarf elephant of Sicily would certainly not have actually been a huge to compare via the contemporary African elephant - yet his skull, with its single eye-hole would, in my opinion, definitely be enough to suggest that a race of one-eyed giants had actually when roamed on the island.

There"s a book ( publimelted Spring 2000) from Princeton College Press by Adrienne Mayor, which advances the theory that tales of Griffins, Giants and Centaurs and Cyclopes occurred from interpretation of the fossil evidence by the ancients. It"s dubbed Palaeontology in Greek and also Roguy Times.


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The dwarf elephant concept to define the Cyclops was initially assumed of in 1914 by Othenio Abel.