BlackWe obtain the combining form melano from the Greek word meaning dark or black.

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melancholy: a gloomy mental state; according to ancient physiology, a humor dubbed “black bile” was secreted by the kidneys and the spleen, and was thought to reason melancholia.

melanoma: a skin tumor containing a dark pigment.

melanin: any kind of dark brown or black pigments of animal or plant structures, for example, hair, or the surface ar of a raw potato as soon as exposed to air.

WhiteThe element leuk in certain medical state is from the Greek word for white.

leukemia: a chronic condition characterized by an abnormal rise in the variety of white blood cells.

leukocyte: a white blood cell.

RedThe Greek word because that red gives us the combining kind erythro, which is offered in the specialized terminology of medicine, chemistry, and also mineralogy.

erythrophyll: the red coloring issue of leaves in autumn.

erythroretin: a resinous constituent of rhubarb root.

erythroscope: one optical contrivance, whereby the green of leaf is caused to appear red, while every other environment-friendly objects retain their natural color.

erythrocyte: a red blood corpuscle.

BlueCyan is the Greek word for dark blue, yet what artists call “cyan blue” is a color midway between green and blue.

cyanide: very poisonous crystalline solid. It acquired its name due to the fact that it was first obtained by heater the dye pigment recognized as Prussian blue.

cyanin: the blue coloring matter of particular flowers (e.g., violets and cornflowers).

cyanosis: blueness of the skin owing to the circulation of imperfectly oxygenated blood.

GreenThe Greek word native which we get the combining type chlor described a pale green.

chloroform: volatile liquid used as one anesthetic. Chloroform is colorless; it gained its name together the result of combine the words chlorine and also formic, as in formic acid.

chlorophyll: the coloring issue of the leaves and other environment-friendly parts the plants.

chlorine: a yellowish-green heavy gas.

Finally, the Greek native for shade gives us the combining kind chromo, which creates nouns and also adjectives that represent colored objects, coloring processes, and also coloring agents:

chromatic: full of color.

polychrome: arts executed in numerous colors.

chromium: a metallic element remarkable because that the excellent colors–red, yellow, or green–of the compounds.

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16 Responses come “Colorful Words from the Greek”

D.A.W.on may 11, 2014 11:42 am

“The Greek word for red offers us the combining type erythro”–Erythromycin is a popular antibiotic, and I think that it was the an initial of the mycin antibiotics to reach broad use in clinical care.When my just sister was rather young, the was discovered that she was allegic to every one of the penicillin antibiotics. Thus the doctors provided her erythromycin instead. Next, she became allergic to that one, too. I am lucky that i am no allegic to any antibiotics, yet my sister the doctor is allergy to most of them!She is really careful about all antibiotics.

D.A.W.on may 11, 2014 11:51 am

Melanie: a name for women, such together Scarlet O’Hara’s cousin Melanie in GONE v THE WIND, play by Olivia de Havilland.

Sodium cyanide and also potassium cyanide space solids in ~ room temperature, but hydrogen cyanide is a poison gas. Part was offered in combat through the German empire during people War I, however hydrogen cyanide is much better known because that its use in executions, formerly, in few of the says of the unified States.Cyanide link are also used in the purification of yellow ores due to the fact that of the affinity of the cyan radical for gold. Every one of this needs to be done through extreme care in metallurgy due to the fact that the byproducts, such together hydrogen cyanide, are an extremely poisonous.

D.A.W.on might 11, 2014 11:54 am

Melatonin is crucial hormone the is developed by the brain, pituitary gland, and pineal gland, and also it is necessary in the sleep-wakefulness cycles of person beings, apes, and also other mammals. Some people take pills the melatonin in an initiative to overcome insomnia and to readjust their cicadian rhythms.

D.A.W.on may 11, 2014 12:21 pm

Chlorine is not simply a yellowish-green hefty gas. It is a chemical element, element number 17 top top the periodic Table because each the the chlorine nuclei has 17 protons.See:The importance of the chemical facets cannot be underestimated, especially since there is a small, finite number of them. (For example, uranium is aspect 92 and also plutonium is facet 94. As the atomic numbers increase beyond this, the aspects become very unstable and very radioactive.)

The Greek prefix “klor” actually means “pale green”. Please see the Wikipedia article over for its spelling in Greek letters.

The color of gas chlorine does NOT lug on to its chemical compounds, such as sodium chloride, potassium chloride, calcium chloride, which room colorless, and also its compound in necessary chemistry. This compounds are necessary in all forms of life, from humans down come bacteria — also though gas chloride is an extremely poisionous.

In a remarkable episode that STAR TREK, “Man Trap”, there is an alien being the “sucks” every one of the salts out of people, thus killing castle immediately. The alien has actually a hunger because that salt because that its own existance. A “salt” is just around any chemistry compound with “chloride” in the name, together as salt chloride, magnesium chloride, and ferrous chloride.

D.A.W.on may 11, 2014 12:43 pm

CHROMINANCE:Analog shade TV is still provided in many parts that the world, consisting of most the Africa, Asia, central America, southern America, and also the island countries and territories that the world. That is probably still in usage in northern Canada, too, in the area of sporadic populations.

In analog shade TV, besides the audio signal, there space two video clip signals dubbed the luminance signal and the chrominance signal, be separate in frequency. The luminance signal conveys the brightness or darkness that the dots top top the screen. Black and white TV sets use this signal and also ignore the chrominance signal. The chrominance signal dead the color information for each dot. A color TV set uses both the luminance signal and the chrominance signal to create the color picture.

In the instance of a black and also white broadcast, the chrominance signal is zero, and a color TV collection presents a black and white picture. Sometimes, the chrominance signal is just dubbed the “chroma” signal.

D.A.W.on may 11, 2014 1:03 pm

A Greek word for vibrant came right into English together “iris”, and also the indigenous “iris” was given to a family members of tree that produce flowers in a wide variety of colors.

Also native “iris”. Over there is a chemistry element, a metal, the was given the surname “iridium” because of the wide selection of colors that its compounds have actually while in solutions.Iridium is a member that the household of chemical facets that room valuable, dense, and also interestingly, inert to a wide range of elements. The other five aspects are platinum, palladium, osmium, rhodium, and also ruthenium, and these are called the “platinum group” of elements, since platinum was the an initial of these to be discovered.The platinum group is a subset the the “nobel metals”. View

All of these metals are very resistant to assault by acids, and some the them even resist aqua regia (a blend of nitric acid and also hydrochloric acid). Tantalum and also niobium space also an extremely resistant to acids, yet for some reason they space not included.

Alloys that iridium and osmium are an extremely dense, they have very high melting points, and they are an extremely resistant to chemical attack.

D.A.W.on might 11, 2014 1:07 pm

“monochromatic” = “one color”“bichromatic” = “two colors”“polychromatic” = “many colors”In the civilization of photography, films, and also TV, “monochromatic” is one more word for “black and also white”

venqaxon might 11, 2014 10:47 pm

The Greek prefix “klor” actually means “pale green”.

The article said, “The Greek word from which we obtain the combining type chlor described a pale green.”

The color of gas chlorine go NOT carry on come its chemical compounds…

The post said, “Chloroform is colorless…”

The importance of the chemical facets cannot be underestimated…

Their prominence cannot it is in OVERestimated. The shouldn’t it is in underestimated.

D.A.W.on may 12, 2014 1:08 pm

Venqax, you are at that again – silliness:

“The prominence of the chemical facets cannot it is in underestimated…”“Their prominence cannot be OVERestimated. It shouldn’t be underestimated.”

In countless contexts, the phrase “cannot be” means “should not be”. “Surely, you cannot be reasoning of running naked across the tennis court of Wimbledon.”“Surely, you can not be do rude remarks around John F. Kennedy,” but as we have seen, Venqax has currently done that.“You can not be thinking of eating angle worms indigenous breakfast!”Well, perhaps you are, however you must not execute that.D.A.W.

D.A.W.on might 12, 2014 1:15 pm

Some chemical elements will impart a shade in part compounds, yet not in others.Also, there are aspects – such as iridium – the will provide one shade in one compound, yet a different color in other compounds.The suggest to it is in made below is the chlorine does not impart a green, pale green, or yellowish environment-friendly to any kind of of the compounds.Take, because that example, hydrochloric acid, i m sorry is the compound HCl liquified in water. That acid is colorless.The explanation requires quantum mechanics, i know.D.A.W.

D.A.W.on may 12, 2014 1:18 pm

Correction: edge worms because that breakfast.

I as soon as read a story around a boy that wanted angle worms with cream sauce because that breakfast, therefore one day when he to be sick in bed, his brother and also sister dug up part angle worms, and also his mommy cooked him part angle worms v cream sauce.

His reaction to that: YUCK – YUCK – YUCK !D.A.W.

D.A.W.on may 12, 2014 1:29 pm

Sir Humphrey Davy named chlorine from old Greek: χλωρóς = khlôros = “pale green”.In walking from ancient Greek to various other languages, the “k” is a crucial step due to the fact that an equivalent of “c” does no exist in Greek.Of course, English speakers and German speaker expressed “khl” as “chl” since we don’t like the “kh” combination. There are similar words in German, such together “Chemie” = “chemistry”.D.A.W.

venqaxon may 12, 2014 6:55 pm

DAW: simply admit girlfriend made the very common wrong of saying underestimate as soon as you meant overestimate. “Cannot it is in overestimated” is a common phrase definition something is exceedingly important. People often mess it up and say “cannot it is in underestimated” when that is what castle mean…No large deal.

In many contexts, the expression “cannot be” way “should not be”.

Dale A. Woodon might 14, 2014 10:08 pm

Venqax: you carry out not understand that the word “underestimated” contains underestimating all the means down come ZERO. In various other words, that way that one will entirely ignore something the is yes, really important.

You cannot and should not perform that v something as crucial as the chemical elements.

Once again, underestimating something consists of IGNORING that completely.I to be sorry that you have actually never learned to factor things every the method to your scientific and mathematical extremes.“That cannot be underestimated” is a perfect reasonable declare in English, and it is not someone’s mistake.D.A.W.

Andy Knoedleron may 31, 2014 1:10 am

Catching up on inbox items I review this entry today.

I found it odd the the 5 Greek colors that you discussed are all various in modern-day Greek 보다 they were in ancient times.

See more: Oh Love Stop Making A Fool Of Me, Love Stop Making A Fool Of Me

Nowadays this colors are as follows:

black = mavrowhite = asprored = kokkinoblue = blegreen = prasino

When I stayed in Greece I often thought that the language had actually been diluted through neglecting the ancient terms and importing shade words from other languages.

Take these colors, for example,blue = ble (i.e., bleu)brown = kafe (i.e., coffee)pink = roz (i.e., rose)orange = portokali (i.e., Portuguese)purple = mov (i.e., mauve)yellow = kitrino (i.e., citron, citrus)

But this is the means that language evolve, isn’t it?

Mariam Alion July 05, 2014 7:29 pm

In regards to Andy Knoedler’s comment, “bortoqali” (or “bortoqani”) is the word for “orange” in Arabic as well. An extremely interesting!