The childless Emperor Hadrian, Faustina’s maternal uncle by marriage, was required to adopt his successor. His very first choice to be Aelius Ceasor that died prior to he might succeed. The next chosen successor was a 51-year old senator through the name Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus. He would marry Faustina about the year 110, and also they would go ~ above to have four kids together.
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Their eldest kid was a daughter called Aurelia Fadilla, that lived long enough to get married a man named Lamia Silanus. However, she died in the at an early stage 130s before her father’s accession. 2 sons called Aurelius Antoninus and Galerius Antoninus died in at an early stage childhood. Their youngest daughter Annia Galeria Faustina live to adulthood and became Empress of Rome as the mam of Marcus Aurelius.
Emperor Hadrian passed away on 10 July 138 and also Antoninus became Emperor through Faustina together his Empress. She to be accorded the condition of Augusta. He instantly asked because that his predecessor to it is in deified, but this inquiry was denied. Eventually, the surname “Pius” – the Pious one – to be bestowed up Antoninus because that his efforts. Hadrian had also not only chosen Antoninus as his successor, yet he had likewise chosen Antoninus’ successors. Antoninus to be told to adopt Lucius Verus (son of the Aelius Ceasar – Hadrian’s first choice together his successor) and Marcus Aurelius, who was his and Faustina’s nephew. Because Lucius Verus was quite a bit younger than their daughter, she ended up marrying Marcus Aurelius. They to be formally betrothed in 139, and Lucius Verus ultimately married their daughter Lucilla.
Faustina only appreciated her imperial status for around two years. She passed away in October or November 140, indigenous unknown causes. She was most likely still just in her at an early stage forties. Antoninus was devastated, and also he would proceed to honour her memory for the following two years of his reign. Faustina to be deified and also called “Diva Faustina” top top the royal coinage that was authorize in she memory. She was venerated in a new cult with its own priesthood, through decree the the senate. A temple was specialized to her in the roman Forum, and also several gold and silver statues were set up. Antoninus also founded a charity organisation in her name for the benefit of poor Italian girls, called the Puellae Faustinianae (Faustina’s girls).
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It listed them through financial support and also a free education. A making it through letter native Antoninus come a girlfriend states, “In truth, i would rather live through her top top Gyara (a desolate island) than in the palace without her.”
Her husband outlived her till 161, and he was thrived by Marcus Aurelius and his daughter Faustina the Younger.1