James J. Tissot, "David in the Wilderness of Ziph" (1896-1902) gouache on board, Jewish Museum, new York.Larger Image.

Put yourself in David"s sandals because that a moment. The king whom David honors looks for to death him. Saul will avoid at nothing -- also at sacred boundaries! once David looks for sanctuary v Israel"s revered prophet Samuel, Saul no longer fears God. Except for God"s intervention, Saul would have actually killed David in Samuel"s very home (19:18-24).

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Jonathan, his dearest friend, deserve to no longer associate through him. In fact, David"s really presence puts others is peril -- together we"ll soon see (22:6-19).

David is top top his own, a fugitive, to run for his life. Yes, God will certainly be with him during this time -- abundantly -- but David is just learning come walk through the Lord. David is desperate and without sources to do an escape.

David visits the Tabernacle in ~ Nob (21:1)

The an initial leg that David"s trip is come the tabernacle of the mr at Nob, probably around two miles from his hideout through Samuel.

Since Joshua and also for 300 years, Shiloh<76>had to be the location of the tabernacle (Joshua 18:1). Here, the boy Samuel had actually been raised under Eli the high priest. Yet when the ark was lost and Eli"s sons were eliminated (1 Samuel 4-7), Shiloh was abandoned and also apparently ruined (Psalm 78:60; Jeremiah 7:4, 12-15; 26:6).

Map: The clergymans of Nob.Larger map.

The tabernacle, the facility of Yahweh worship, has actually moved to Nob<77>-- also though the ark is no much longer within it. Noble is "the city of the priests" (22:19) where the Bread the the presence (showbread) is put before the mr weekly (21:6), together prescribed in the Torah (Leviticus 24:5-9). The high priest"s ephod is likewise here containing the Urim and Thummim offered to inquire of the lord (1 Samuel 21:9).

The high priest might well have actually been conscious of Saul"s effort to record David at adjacent Naioth, for this reason he is afraid once he look at David through himself. If Ahimelech intentional assists a fugitive, Saul is likely to kill him, therefore David provides up a story around a sudden mystery mission the the king has sent the on in bespeak to defend the priest. Is this deliberate deception? Perhaps, yet David might be referring to the mission the King Yahweh is sending him on together the anointed that the Lord.<78>(For a much more thorough discussion, check out Appendix 6. Considering David"s Deceit.)

David Is offered Holy Bread (21:3-6)

David request food. The just food Ahimelech has actually to provide him is some consecrated showbread, some loaves that the Bread of the Presence, that had been before the mr in the tabernacle the previous week. The is holy, and also normally only consumed by the priests themselves (Leviticus 24:5-9). Ahimelech go his due diligence to safeguard the holiness of the bread by asking David if his guys are ritually clean -- specifics if castle have had sex that would certainly make lock ritually unclean until evening (Leviticus 15:16-18; Exodus 19:15; 1 Corinthians 7:5). David assures him that he and his males are ritually clean and Ahimelech gives him part bread.

Jesus cites this occurrence when that is questioned about eating grain on the Sabbath.

""Have you never ever read what David did as soon as he and his companions were hungry and in need? In the days of Abiathar the high priest,<79>he gone into the residence of God and ate the consecrated bread, i beg your pardon is lawful only for priests to eat. And he also gave part to his companions." climate he claimed to them, "The Sabbath was created man, not man for the Sabbath. Therefore the son of man is Lord also of the Sabbath."" (Mark 2:25-28)

The Pharisees had criticized his disciples for plucking some grain heads to munch on together they walked through a wheat field -- in itself completely legal in Jesus' day. But because this took ar on the Sabbath, the Pharisees to be classifying this together "harvesting," which was "work." Jesus cites this event as if come say come the legalistic Pharisees: The holy bible itself gives examples of versatility in interpreting the rules. If the great David was enabled to eat that the divine bread, how much much more the boy of Man!

The sword of Goliath -- and also Dark Foreshadowing (21:7-9)

David asks Ahimelech if there are any kind of weapons available. It turns out that the knife of Goliath is "wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod" -- probably to preserve it in Yahweh"s visibility as a token that God"s an excellent victory end the Philistines that day. He gives it to David.

But David"s presence has not gone undetected. The narrator records:

"Now one of Saul"s servants to be there that day, detained before the LORD; he to be Doeg the Edomite, Saul"s head shepherd." (21:7)

Doeg, among Saul"s servants is there, "detained before the LORD," maybe for part punishment or penance -- we"re not sure.<80>Doeg is not an Israelite, however probably a captive native Saul"s campaign versus Edom (14:47). Later, Doeg reports this incident to Saul, through dire consequences (22:6-19)!

David Feigns Insanity before Achish the Gath (21:10-15)

David doesn"t linger in ~ Nob. He flees west to among the main Philistine cities for protection. That wasn"t unusual for a fugitive to seek refuge through his pursuer"s enemy, therefore David appeals because that asylum indigenous Achish, king that Gath.<81>

Indeed, Achish sponsor David asylum. All is well until members of Achish"s court begin to recall that David really is -- an arch foe of the Philistines, the male who in his youth had killed Gath"s own champion, Goliath (17:4).

"Isn"t this David, the king the the land? Isn"t he the one lock sing about in your dances: "Saul has actually slain his thousands, and also David his 10s of thousands"?" (21:11)

At this point, David realizes the he is in tomb danger! yet he is resourceful:

"He pretended to it is in insane in your presence; and while he was in their hand he acted choose a madman, making clues on the doors of the gate and also letting saliva run down his beard" (21:13)

David"s ruse works! (See postposition 6. Considering David"s Deceit.) Achish concludes that he should be insane rather than a threat. I love Achish"s retort come his courtiers" insistent inquiry to carry David prior to the king because that questioning:

"Am ns so quick of madmen the you have actually to lug this other here to lug on prefer this in prior of me? should this guy come into my house?"" (21:15)

Achish is happy to it is in rid of the -- and David is happy come escape v his life. He travel a couple of miles eastern to Adullam.

David Gathers 400 males at the cave of Adullam (22:1-4)

Adullam (which way "refuge") to be a Canaanite city, east of Gath, west of Bethlehem. Close by was a hill the was fortified and also known for its caves, few of them fairly large.<82>

By now, Saul is beginning to threaten anyone related to David -- consisting of his household in Bethlehem. Saul is crazy through rage and also they fear for your lives. So when they hear that David has uncovered a place to hide, they walk to join him. For example, David"s brothers and sisters and their children join David at Adullam. Three of David"s nephews, the young of his sister Zeruiah, rotate out come be exceptional warriors in their own right -- Joab, Abishai, and Asahel. Because David is one of the youngest young of his father, this nephews might by fairly close to his age.

The household members room not alone in seeking refuge v David.

"All those that were in distress<83> or in debt<84> or discontented<85>gathered approximately him, and he ended up being their leader. About four hundred males were through him." (22:2)

Map: David"s Sojourn in the Wilderness. 1 Samuel 21-23. Larger map.

David starts to lure others whom Saul is follow -- those who owe money being hounded for repayment, rebels who desire to fall Saul, and also probably a couple of bandits who are wanted for miscellaneous crimes. Plenty of have a price on their head. Have the right to you imagine trying come unite and also lead together a motley crew? everything leadership an abilities David has arisen so much are tested and honed here!!


James J. Tissot, "David"s Valiant Men" (1896-1902) gouache ~ above board, Jewish Museum, new York.Larger image.

"Day after day men came to help David, till he had a great army, choose the army of God." (1 Chronicles 12:22)

David has come to be a powerful warlord with his very own private army<86>-- and the responsibility to feeding them and also their families!

Q1. (1 Samuel 22:2) Why to be David"s guys attracted come him? What go they have actually in common? What kind of males were these? What challenges do friend think David probably had actually in leading them?http://www.joyfulheart.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=1168

David"s Mighty males (2 Samuel 23:8-39 = 1 Chronicles 11:10-47)

Here is where we ought to point out some the the legendary warriors that become component of David"s tape -- the Three and the Thirty! towards the finish of 2 Samuel the narrator names and recounts few of the exploits of this mighty men, however we"ll research them below instead of in lesson 13. Girlfriend can nearly hear the whispered stories of their exploits as told roughly flickering campfires.

The three (2 Samuel 23:8-12)Josheb-Basshebeth, a Tahkemonite, chief of the Three. "He raised his spear against eight hundred men, who he eliminated in one encounter" (2 Samuel 23:8).Eleazar boy of Dodai the Ahohite. "The men of Israel retreated, but he was standing his ground and struck under the Philistines it rotates his hand flourished tired and froze come the sword" (2 Samuel 23:9-10).Shammah kid of Agee the Hararite. "Israel"s troops fled indigenous , however Shammah took his stand in the center of the field. He safeguarded it and also struck the Philistines down" (2 Samuel 23:11-12).Leaders (2 Samuel 23:18-23)Abishai the brothers of Joab kid of Zeruiah was chief that the Three. "He elevated his spear versus three hundred men, who he killed" (2 Samuel 23:18). As discussed above, Joab and also Abishai are David"s nephews.Benaiah kid of Jehoiada indigenous Kabzeel, in charge of his bodyguard. "He win down 2 of Moab"s best men. He additionally went down into a pit ~ above a snowy day and also killed a lion. And he struck under a huge Egyptian ... And killed him with his own spear." (2 Samuel 23:20-21)The Thirty (2 Samuel 23:24-39)

Here"s the list:

Asahel the brothers of JoabElhanan boy of Dodo indigenous BethlehemShammah the HaroditeElika the HaroditeHelez the PaltiteIra kid of Ikkesh native TekoaAbiezer indigenous AnathothMebunnai the HushathiteZalmon the AhohiteMaharai the NetophathiteHeled boy of Baanah the NetophathiteIthai boy of Ribai native Gibeah in BenjaminBenaiah the PirathoniteHiddai from the ravines the GaashAbi-Albon the ArbathiteAzmaveth the BarhumiteEliahba the Shaalbonite, The boy of Jashan,Jonathan son of Shammah the HarariteAhiam boy of Sharar the HarariteEliphelet son of Ahasbai the MaacathiteEliam kid of Ahithophel the GiloniteHezro the CarmelitePaarai the ArbiteIgal child of Nathan from Zobah the child of HagriZelek the AmmoniteNaharai the Beerothite, the armor-bearer the Joab child of Zeruiah,Ira the IthriteGareb the IthriteUriah the Hittite

These men build a bond through David in challenging times by your bravery and endurance. Once David becomes king, they obtain high areas in the army.

The last-named mighty warrior is Uriah the Hittite, who is eliminated at David"s command together the cover-up for David"s affair through his wife, Bathsheba, while the is far at war (2 Samuel 11). So lot for loyalty!

Part of this warrior lore is a story from the moment that David remained in the stronghold<87>at the cave of Adullam. David had talked aloud that his wish for "a drink the water indigenous the well near the gate of Bethlehem." He never imagined that any type of would take him seriously. But the Three, at an excellent risk to your lives, damaged through Philistine lines, acquired the water, and brought that back. When David establish what they had done,

"He refused to drink it; instead, the poured that out prior to the LORD. "Far be it indigenous me, O LORD, to carry out this!' he said. "Is it not the blood of men who went at the risk of your lives?"" (2 Samuel 23:16b-17)

It is the stuff of legend!

David Flees to the Wilderness that Judah (1 Samuel 22:3-5)

After a look at David"s mighty men in 2 Samuel 23, we go ago to the sequence in 1 Samuel again.

The caves in ~ Adullam room still breakable to Saul"s army. So David and also his military find another stronghold,<88>perhaps in the wilderness that Judah. When in that region, David goes come Moab, east of the Dead Sea, and leaves his aging parents in the care of the king that Moab.

The prophet Gad is apparently part of David"s band currently -- probably one of the methods David is able come hear God"s voice as soon as he inquires of the Lord. Gad tells him: ""Do not stay in the stronghold. Go into the floor of Judah.' therefore David left and also went come the woodland of Hereth."<89>God is watching out for David.

Saul inquiries the Benjamites" commitment (22:6-10)

Though Saul knows where David is, that can"t it seems ~ to capture him. That is paranoid and also accuses his tribesmen, the Benjamites, the conspiracy -- of keeping him in the dark about Jonathan"s commitment with David.

This accusation prompts Doeg the Edomite come tell Saul -- belatedly -- that he had actually seen David getting assist from the high priest Ahimelech (21:1-9). Doeg says:

"Ahimelech inquired of the mr for him; he likewise gave the provisions and also the knife of Goliath the Philistine." (22:10)

Saul Destroys the clergymans of noble (22:11-19)

Saul now suspects every the priests of conspiring through his adversary David -- even though castle didn"t understand anything around David"s flight at the time. The summons Ahimelech the high priest, who protests his innocence. Saul doesn"t believe him and orders his security to kill all the priests. They room unwilling "to raise a hand come strike the priests of the LORD" (22:17b). Therefore Saul orders Doeg the Edomite -- that isn"t a true Israelite or believer in Yahweh -- to death them. The narrator reports the sad story:

"So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck lock down. The day he eliminated eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod. He likewise put come the sword Nob, the town of the priests, through its men and women, that is children and also infants, and also its cattle, donkeys and also sheep." (22:18-19)

Saul completely annihilates every the priests and their whole town! that is so out of manage that he will kill Yahweh"s very own consecrated servants!

This mass murder severely damages Saul"s ability to lead. He has lost any type of moral high ground among his people. And he loses his capability to look for God"s will v the Urim and also Thummim, i m sorry the clergymans possess. Currently Saul needs to make decision blind. Due to the fact that he deserve to no longer inquire of the Lord, he ultimately turns to sorcery, the witch the Endor (1 Samuel 28).

Abiathar the priest Flees come David (22:20-23)

But one monk escapes the slaughter.

"Abiathar, a boy of Ahimelech child of Ahitub, escaped and fled to join David.... Currently Abiathar son of Ahimelech had carried the ephod down v him when he fled come David in ~ Keilah." (22:20)

When David learns about Saul"s slaughter, the is heartsick and feels that it is his fault. He invites the high priest"s son, Abiathar,<90>to remain with him because that his very own safety. However there is one more important benefit of Abiathar"s visibility -- the ephod.

The ephod is component of the high priest"s garments that incorporate the Urim and also Thummim, supposedly lots used to identify God"s will once David inquires the Yahweh.<91>David now has actually the capacity to seek God"s will certainly about vital decisions. In addition, both David and the prophet Gad possess a prophetic gift to hear native God (2 Samuel 23:1-2). David is led by the Lord, when Saul plot in the dark. The end of tragedy, God brings light.

Inquiring that the Lord regarding Keilah (23:1-12)

Immediately, David needs to inquire that the Lord. Philistine raiders room attacking the walled Judean city that Keilah,<92>just south of the cavern of Adullam, and also stealing their plants right at harvest time.

"2 inquired the the LORD, saying, "Shall i go and attack these Philistines?' The mr answered him, "Go, attack the Philistines and save Keilah."3 however David"s males said to him, "Here in Judah we are afraid. Just how much more, then, if us go to Keilah against the Philistine forces!"4 once again David inquired of the LORD, and also the mr answered him, "Go down to Keilah, for ns am going to provide the Philistines right into your hand."" (23:2-4)

"Inquire" is shāʾal, "ask, inquire," in particular, asking God because that guidance.<93>Notice the in this instance, the answers David receives are "yes" or "no." This most likely represents the usage of the Urim and also Thummim. This seem to be a pair of lots that have the right to answer: yes, no, and maybe. Though us don"t know for sure, girlfriend can quickly imagine a pair that lots, each significant with "yes" on one side and "no" on the other. If, when the lots space cast, castle both come up the same, the price is clear. But if lock come up with various answers, climate the price is no clear.

The mr confirms to David that he should attack the marauding Philistines in ~ Keilah and also he does for this reason successfully, conserving the town.

David"s guys stay in ~ Keilah for a time, yet David realizes that he is breakable there. Saul deserve to lay siege to the city and capture him. For this reason he inquires of the lord again and receives the answer that the citizens of Keilah will undoubtedly surrender him come Saul fairly than stand up to Saul"s siege. David move on.

"So David and also his men, about six hundreds in number, left Keilah and also kept relocating from ar to place. When Saul to be told that David had actually escaped native Keilah, the did no go there." (23:13)

Being able come consult the mr is an important to David"s security so that he have the right to remain in God"s will.

Q2. (1 Samuel 22:20-23:12) What walk Abiathar and also the ephod have to do v "inquiring of the Lord?" Why go David inquire the the Lord? What huge advantage walk the person have who looks for God"s will prior to acting? How can you discover God"s will at vital points in your life?http://www.joyfulheart.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=1169

Hiding in the Wilderness the Ziph (23:14a)

"David stayed in the desert strongholds and also in the hills the the Desert the Ziph. Work after day Saul tried to find him, but God did not provide David into his hands." (23:14a)

David has sought refuge through the prophet Samuel and also the king that Gath. He has actually hidden in caves and cities, yet he isn"t for sure anywhere. Saul"s spies room everywhere, reporting on his every movement. And so David transforms to the Judean desert because that his own survival.

When we think that desert, the limitless sands that the Sahara may come to mind, yet this doesn"t define the type of desert you discover in Judah. Arid, rocky, and also rugged are much better descriptors. The desert is a dried place, whereby water is not easily found. That is barren and also can be terrifying, lonely, v a solitude that have the right to be frightening.

If you to be to draw an east-west cross-section the Judah through Hebron, on the west you discover the coastal plain whereby the Philistines live. Then, walking east, you involved the lower hills, the Shepelah, wherein Judean towns are being intimidated by Philistine encroachment. Then you come to the hill country, a north-south ridge upon which girlfriend find significant Judean urban such as Hebron and also Jerusalem. Farther eastern -- in between the ridge and also the Dead Sea -- is the Judean desert, expanding to an escarpment i beg your pardon drops precipitously under to the Dead Sea and the Jordan Valley. The is reduced by many rocky, dry wadis and also steep canyons.

The Judean desert obtain only four inches that rain a year as result of the rain shadow effect of the ridge the mountains. Once the wilderness does get rain, however, the desert blossoms -- because that a short time. But somehow, amidst the scrub, sheep and goats can be grazed and also find sustenance in the desert.

In the Judean wilderness, David can uncover safety. That is rugged country where a guerilla force could sustain itself, however an regular army couldn"t critical long. That rocky formations administer tremendous protection versus attack. Indeed, in several of his psalms, David color etc a parallel between God"s protection and these wilderness fortresses:

"Turn her ear to me,come easily to my rescue;be mine rock of refuge, a strong fortress to save me.Since you are my rock and my fortress,for the benefits of her name lead and also guide me.Free me native the trap the is set for me,for you room my refuge." (Psalm 31:2-4)

Here"s one more psalm native this duration that recalls some of the high rocks in which David and his tape hide indigenous Saul:

I love you, O LORD, my strength. The lord is mine rock, my fortress and my deliverer; mine God is my rock, in whom i take refuge. The is mine shield and also the horn of my salvation, mine stronghold. I call to the LORD, that is worthy the praise, and also I am conserved from mine enemies....With your assist I can development against a troop; v my God I can scale a wall....He renders my feet choose the feet of a deer; he permits me to stand on the heights. (Psalm 18:1-3, 29, 33)

While the Judean Desert is the term because that the whole area, our text refers more precisely come the Desert that Ziph (23:25) and the Desert the Maon (23:25). These would be the wilderness areas to the east of the cities named. Ziph is probably to be determined with phone call Ziph, around 5 mile southeast the Hebron, when Maon is the modern Khirbet Ma`în, around 4-1/2 miles southern of Ziph.

I have the right to hardly imagine just how a tape of 600 men and also their families might survive in the Judean wilderness. Lock suffer regularly from hunger and thirst. Psalm 63 is "a psalm the David as soon as he was in the desert the Judah." You deserve to see hints here and there of his struggle.

"1 O God, you room my God, earnestly I seek you;my soul thirsts for you, my body longs for you,in a dry and also weary land where there is no water.... 4 I will praise you as lengthy as ns live,and in her name I will lift up mine hands. 5 My spirit will it is in satisfied as with the richest that foods; v singing lips my mouth will certainly praise you. 6 On mine bed i remember you; ns think of you with the city hall of the night. 7 because you are my help,I song in the shadow of her wings. 8 My heart clings to you;your ideal hand upholds me." (Psalm 63:1, 4-8)

Some scholar have suggested that David made life forcing wealthy males like Nabal to salary "protection money,"<94> however this speculation isn"t sustained by the Scripture. Such a policy certainly wouldn"t have actually endeared him come his Judean tribe members -- who later on anoint him as king.<95> Some families may have actually gone house -- if they to be able -- during this period. No doubt David walk receive assist from forgiveness people. We simply don"t know how David"s males all survived; probably some didn"t.

Jonathan urges David in ~ Horesh (23:14-18)

Fear has driven David right into the desert: "Day after work Saul looked for him," (23:14a). Come say the David was afraid is no the same as to suggest that he was not courageous. Fear and also courage coexist.

But God even cares around our anxieties! In this case, God sends Jonathan come encourage David. That is at Horesh, one unknown area in the desert eastern of Ziph.<96>Saul is after him, and Jonathan -- perhaps travelling through his father"s army -- concerns find him. David"s men let him pass due to the fact that of David"s affection because that the king"s kid -- and also because the the agreement of tranquility David has with Jonathan. The narrator documents that Jonathan "helped him discover strength in God" (23:16). Observe Jonathan"s words:

"Don"t it is in afraid. My father Saul will not put a hand on you. You will certainly be king over Israel, and also I will certainly be 2nd to you. Even my father Saul to know this." (23:17)

They renew your covenant prior to Yahweh prior to Jonathan returns home.

Q3. (1 Samuel 23:14-18) Why does Jonathan visit David in the wilderness? What hazard is there because that David? What threat is there for Jonathan? What carry out you think it intended to David? have you ever before received a visit native a friend once you required it most?http://www.joyfulheart.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=1170

Saul nearly Captures David in the Judean Wilderness (23:19-28)

But our famous hero is no loved by all -- even the occupants of Ziph native his very own tribe of Judah. They send a delegation to Saul"s resources to report David"s specific location -- "in the strongholds at Horesh, top top the hill the Hakilah, southern of Jeshimon" (23:19).<97>

David climate moves a few miles south to the desert the Maon. Saul is hot on David"s trace in a deadly game of cat and also mouse.

"Saul to be going follow me one next of the mountain, and also David and his men were ~ above the other side, hurrying to get away indigenous Saul." (23:26)

But simply as they are around to capture David, a messenger reports come Saul about a Philistine raid. The is forced to break off his pursuit to defend his country against the Philistines. The Lord"s time is exquisite.

Now David travel to the "strongholds the En Gedi," the impenetrable absent formations overlooking the oasis that En Gedi (23:29). We"ll discuss much more about his time in En Gedi in lesson 5.

Historical Ascriptions the the Psalms of David

David is closely identified with worship music in the bible (Amos 6:5). The sang to patience his sheep on the hillsides and for King Saul in his palace (1 Samuel 16:14-23; 18:10-11), accompanying self on a lyre or harp. The is called "the sweet psalmist the Israel" (2 Samuel 23:1), with 73 psalms attributed to him -- nearly fifty percent of the publication of Psalms. Several of this contain ascriptions that tell united state on what chance he created the psalm. Right here are few of them, inserted in about chronological order.

1 Samuel 19:11

Psalm 59. "When Saul had sent guys to clock David"s residence in bespeak to death him."


Psalm 56. "When the Philistines had actually seized the in Gath."


Psalm 34. "When that pretended to it is in insane before Abimelech, who drove him away, and also he left." A beautiful acrostic psalm.


Psalm 52. "When Doeg the Edomite had actually gone to Saul and also told him, "David has gone come the house of Ahimelech.""


Psalm 57. "When he had fled native Saul into the cave."


Psalm 142. "When he remained in the cave."

22:5; 23:14-16, 23f

Psalm 63. "When he remained in the Desert that Judah."


Psalm 54. "When the Ziphites had gone come Saul and said, "Is no David hiding among us?""

Chapter 22

Psalm 18. "He sang to the mr the native of this song when the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand that Saul."

2 Samuel 8:13-14

Psalm 60. "When he combated Aram Naharaim and Aram Zobah, and also when Joab returned and also struck down twelve thousand Edomites in the valley of Salt."


Psalm 51. "When the prophet Nathan pertained to him after ~ David had actually committed adultery with Bathsheba."

Chapter 15

Psalm 3. "When that fled from his boy Absalom."

Q4. (Psalms 18, 34, 54, 56, 58, 59, 142) In this ascriptions to these psalms, how plenty of celebrate happy occasions? How plenty of arise native struggles? What walk this phone call you about David"s connection with God? What does this tell you around his faith during trials? which is her favorite amongst these psalms? Why?http://www.joyfulheart.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=1171

Lessons because that Disciples

What perform we learn from these chapters that we can use to our very own lives? numerous things.

Provision. God offers for his servants, even in time of desperate need, together David discovered bread and a knife in the house of the Lord.God"s fashioning. Every great person has actually times that seeming failure, as well as times that success and adulation. Don"t referee too soon that God has actually forgotten you. He is molding you right into a finely-crafted instrument that he have the right to use in his work.Leaders. Leaders have tendency to tempt followers once they are struggling and also when they"re ~ above top, together David gathered a tape of mighty males in the wilderness. Look because that a human being that human being are following and also you"ll find a leader.Learning. Time of battle are often when you discover the most and do your ideal work. Don"t discount the difficulties you challenge in your wilderness together wasted time.Guidance. The capability to seek God"s will is a an extremely precious gift. David had this in the existence of the Urim and also the Thummim, the agency of a prophet, and his own prophetic gift. Girlfriend can discover God"s will certainly if you seek him with all her heart, since, if you"re a Christian, you possess the holy Spirit of God who connects you with the an extremely mind that Christ (1 Corinthians 2:10-16).Betrayal. Even human being you have helped may well betray you, together the residents of Keilah and also Ziph will certainly betray David. You will fulfill disappointment. But don"t despair! You have actually an unshakable Rock, the Lord her God. That will never leave you or forsake friend (Hebrews 13:5)!Praise. We space to praise God in all circumstances (1 Thessalonians 5:16-18), together David walk in many of his Wilderness-era psalms. Our happiness is in the mr himself, no in whether every little thing is going well or not.

Wilderness times are terribly difficult. Castle strip united state down come the essentials and test united state to the really core so the we recognize what is yes, really important. Numerous times in the bible we see God utilizing the desert to refine his people. The Israelites spent 40 years in the desert. Jesus invested 40 days. The Apostle Paul invested 3 years. David"s time is among refining and connecting firmly to the absent of Israel.

Available as a publication in paperback, Kindle, and PDF formats.

Have you been with a wilderness experience? space you going through one best now? God has actually not forsaken you. The loves you like he love David. That is through you in the wilderness, and he is utilizing this time come mold you into a brand-new person. Take on Him. This time will pass. However when you come the end of her wilderness, you"ll be much better prepared because that the future God will unfold prior to you. God is functioning out his setup in you.

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Lord, you know what we"re going through, what we"ve to be through. It seems so an extremely hard! however we are confident that you space the God that the wilderness as well as the God of thriving times. We can count ~ above you. You will be to united state a Refuge, a Fortress, a shade by day and also Shield by night. Say thanks to you, O Lord. Give us strength! In Jesus" name, us pray. Amen.

Key Verses

"David left Gath and also escaped come the cave of Adullam. Once his brothers and his father"s household heard around it, lock went down to him there. All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered approximately him, and he came to be their leader. About four hundred men were through him." (1 Samuel 22:1-2)

"Once again David inquired of the LORD, and also the mr answered him, "Go down to Keilah, for i am going to provide the Philistines right into your hand."... (Now Abiathar child of Ahimelech had brought the ephod down through him when he fled to David at Keilah.)" (1 Samuel 23:4, 6)

"David remained in the desert strongholds and in the hills of the Desert the Ziph. Day after job Saul tried to find him, yet God walk not provide David into his hands." (1 Samuel 23:14)