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Buddhism was introduced right into China mostly during Eastern Han Empire (25 - 220) by means of the South China Sea and also Western Region. The Buddhist temple was adjusted to Chinese tastes when it arrived in China. Its general layout complies with Chinese standard kind - courtyard with dome-shaped framework called a stupa as its major component. A lecture hall, refectory, sutra depository and also monks' rooms are spread alengthy the main axis. Unprefer the paintings and decorations in Christian churches which existing a heavenly afterlife, Chinese Buddhist holy places reveal an atmosphere closer to worldly life.
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Figures of Buddha and also the bones of Buddha's relics are venerated in the holy places which were called Futu, Lanruo, Chanlin, Daochang, Jialan and Zhaoti in various dialects of Chinese.
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Eastern Han Dynasty - Eastern Jin Dynasty (317 - 420): Buddhism was presented to China during this period. The beforehand Chinese Buddhist temples adhered to Indian style, which collection the stupa as its facility. They when had a conventional Chinese name - Ci (ancestral temple) and the number was exceptionally restricted. White Horse Temple in Luoyang is a typical instance of this period.
Northern and Southern Dynasties (386 - 589) to Five Dynasties (907 - 960): Buddhism was at its height of splendor and also power throughout this period. In the Tang Empire (618 - 907), the majority of Buddhist doctrines were analyzed and the primary Buddhist sects were developed and also arisen. Many more Buddhist holy places were built through larger dimensions. Walls of the courtyard were decorated with exquisite embossment. A niche was inserted in the middle of the north wall. A Buddhist pylon stood in the centre of the temple. The Big Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi"an was constructed in this duration.
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The layout of Buddhist temples has actually been lengthy establimelted. Generally speaking, the hill gate (front gate) is the entrance part. The Bell Tower and also Drum Tower stand also on the 2 sides inside the hill gate. The Hall of Heavenly Kings, where sculptures of Four Heavenly Kings stand also on the two sides via 2 in a group and Maitreya (the fat laughing Buddha) laid in the middle altar, is the first main hall. Next adheres to the Grand Hall where the sculpture of Sakyamuni sits.
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