Bohemond (Latin Christian, c.1050-1111) was one of the most crucial leaders that the very first Crusade. Although his baptismal name was Mark, almost all modern documents refer to him together “Bohemond,” a childhood nickname the his dad assigned come him in referral to a legend giant.
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1. Bohemond’s father to be Robert Guiscard, the Norman founder of the Duchy that Apulia and Calabria. In 1058, Robert divorced Bohemond’s mother, the Norman Alberada, and married a Lombard princess, in order come solidify his place in Italy. This divorce was to Bohemond’s detriment, together it deprived the of his paternal inheritance. Bohemond thus seized manage of Taranto and also Bari indigenous his half-brother, i get it Borsa, and sought further conquests in oriental territories, in a collection of intrusions that, although unsuccessful, earned that the ire of the byzantine imperial family.2. After acquisition the overcome in 1096, Bohemond led a small army to Constantinople, whereby he joined forces with the other very first Crusaders. He ended up being one of the expedition’s most influential leaders, and he play a specifically important function during the Siege that Antioch (1097-1098): the city ultimately fell to the crusaders with a betrayal arranged through him. After contentious political maneuvering, Bohemond was able to gain sole manage over Antioch, where he remained as the the various other crusaders marched ~ above Jerusalem. Bohemond go not, however, stay in his nascent Principality of Antioch for long. In 1100, Turkish forces captured the prince, and also he continued to be their prisoner till 1103. Shortly after his ransom, Bohemond departed for Europe come solicit assistance for a crusade against the byzantine Empire, in an answer to byzantine attempts to reclaim Antioch. Bohemond released an invasion of oriental territory in 1107, but soon endured defeat. He spent out his continuing to be years in Italy. Bohemond II, his son by Constance, daughter of King Philip i of France, thrived him together Prince that Antioch.3.
Bohemond appears in every the major prose accounts of the very first Crusade. That is particularly prominent in the Gesta Francorum and also in narratives acquired from it – consisting of Baldric the Bourgueil’s Historia Ierosolimitana, the source for lot of the Siège d’Antioche. Some scholars have said that Bohemond self was responsible for the creation and dissemination that the early, favorable accounts of his deeds, however this concept is controversial.4. Similarly, due to the fact that an Occitan poetic tradition recounting the very first Crusade, the so-called Canso d’Antioca, appears to have actually emerged roughly the same time together the second-generation prose narratives, scholars, impression by Bohemond’s prestige in the extant fragments, have proposed the his tourism of Europe influenced the tradition’s beginnings.5. In contrast, the Bohemond that the parallel Old French poetic tradition, the Chanson d’Antioche, cut a much less impressive figure.6. In Gilo of Paris’s great Latin city account that the crusade, Bohemond is the hero, however Gilo’s continuator lessened Bohemond to a periphery character.7.
Written by Patrick C. DeBrosse
1. Orderic Vitalis, Ecclesiastical History, XI, 12.
2. See, e.g., his an unfavorable depiction in Anna Komnene, Alexiad, I, 14.
3. See Suger, Life that Louis the Fat, IX.
4. For the debate, watch A. C. Krey, “A Neglected passage in the Gesta and its Bearing on the literature of the very first Crusade”; Jean Flori, “De l’Anonyme normand à Tudebode et aux Gesta Francorum”; Nicholas L. Paul, “A Warlord’s Wisdom”; Jay Rubenstein, “The Deeds that Bohemond”.
5. Carol Sweetenham and also Linda Paterson, The Canso d’Antioca: one Occitan epic Chronicle that the very first Crusade (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003) 8-9, 113-4.
6.Carol Sweetenham and Linda Paterson, The Chanson d’Antioche: one Old French Account the the very first Crusade (Farnham: Ashgate, 2011), 45-6.
7. W. Grocock and also J. E. Siberry, “Introduction,” in The Historia Vie Hierosolimitane that Gilo that Paris, trans. And ed. C. W. Grocock and also J. E. Siberry (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997), xiii-xiv.Bibliography:
Barker, john W. “Bohemond of Taranto.” In middle ages Italy: one Encyclopedia, edited by Christopher Kleinhenz, 133-4. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Biddlecombe, Steven. “Baldric of Bourgueil and the fault Hero.” Anglo-Norman research studies XXXV (2012): 79-94.
Edgington, Susan B. “Bohemund i of Antioch (d. 1111).” In The Crusades: an Encyclopedia, edited by Alan V. Murray, 173-6. Vol. 1. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, 2006.
Flori, Jean. “De l’Anonyme normand à Tudebode et aux Gesta Francorum: L’impact de la propagande de Bohémond sur la critique textuelle des sources de la première croisade.” Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique 102 (2007) 717–746
Grocock, C. W. And also J. E. Siberry (eds. And trans.). The Historia Vie Hierosolimitane the Gilo the Paris. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997.
Krey, A. C. “A Neglected i in the Gesta and also its Bearing top top the literature of the very first Crusade.” In The Crusades and also Other historic Essays: gift to Dana C. Munro by His previous Students, edited by Louis J. Paetow, 57-78. Brand-new York: F. S. Crofts, 1928.
Paul, Nicholas L. “A Warlord’s Wisdom: Literacy and Propaganda at the moment of the first Crusade.” Speculum 85, no. 3 (2010): 534-66.
Rubenstein, Jay. “The Deeds the Bohemond: Reform, Propaganda, and the background of the an initial Crusade.” Viator 47, no. 2 (2016): 113-36.
Sweetenham, Carol and Linda Paterson. The Canso d’Antioca: an Occitan epos Chronicle that the very first Crusade. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003._____. The Chanson d’Antioche: an Old French Account of the very first Crusade. Farnham: Ashgate, 2011.
Yewdale, Ralph Bailey. Bohemond I, Prince the Antioch. Princeton: Princeton college Press, 1924.
Further Reading:Albu, Emily. “Bohemond and also the Rooster: Byzantines, Normans, and the Artful Ruse.” In Anna Komnene and Her Times, edited by Thalia Gouma-Peterson, 157-68. Brand-new York: Garland, 2000.
Cardini, Franco, Nunzio Lozito, and also Benedetto Vetere (eds.). Boemondo: Storia di un principe normanno. Gelatina, Italy: Mario Congedo, 2003.
Digital humanities Institute, university of Sheffield. “Bohemond ns Unmarried.” A Database the Crusaders come the divine Land: 1095-1149. Accessed April 6, 2018. Https://www.dhi.ac.uk/crusaders/person/?id=138&kw=bohemond&n=13&nav=0&total=88Flori, Jean. Bohemond d’Antioche: Chevalier d’aventure. Paris: Payot & Rivages, 2007.
Friedman, Yvonne. “Miracle, an interpretation and stare in the Latin East.” research studies in Church background 41 (2005): 123-34.
Gadolin, Anitra R. “Prince Bohemund’s Death and Apotheosis in the Church of mountain Sabino, Canosa di Puglia.” Byzantion 52 (1982): 124-53.
Pryor, john H. “Introduction: Modelling Bohemond’s March come Thessalonike.” In Logistics of war in the age of the Crusades, edited by john H. Pryor, 1-24. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2007.
Pryor, john H. And also Michael J. Jeffreys. “Alexios, Bohemond, and also Byzantium’s Euphrates Frontier: A story of 2 Cretans.” crusades 11 (2012): 31-79.
Rice, Geoffrey. “A keep in mind on the battle of Antioch, 28 June 1098. Bohemond as Tactical Innovator.” Parergon 25 (1979): 3-8.
Rösch, Gerhard. “Der ‘Kreuzzug’ Bohemunds gegen Dyrrhachium 1107/1108 in der lateinischen heritage des 12. Jahrhunderts.” Römische historische Mitteilungen 26 (1984), 181–190.
Rowe, J. G. “Paschal II, Bohemund the Antioch, and the oriental Empire.” Bulletin that the man Rylands Library 49 (1966): 165-202.
Russo, Luigi. Boemondo, Figlio del Guiscardo e principe di Antiochia. Avellino: Elio Sellino, 2009.
Slitt, Rebecca L. “Justifying Cross-Cultural Friendship: Bohemond, Firuz, and the fall of Antioch.” Viator 38, no. 2 (2007): 339-49.
Shepard, Jonathan. “When Greek Meets Greek: Alexius Comnenus and also Bohemond in 1097-8.” byzantine and modern-day Greek research studies 12 (1988): 185-276.
Whalen, Brett Edward. “God’s will or Not? Bohemond’s Campaign against the oriental Empire (1105-1108).” In Crusades-Medieval worlds in Conflict, edited by thomas F. Madden, James L. Naus, and also Vincent Ryan, 111–125. Farnham: Ashgate, 2010.
Wolf, Kenneth Baxter. “Crusade and Narrative: Bohemond and also the Gesta Francorum.” journal of Medieval history 17, no. 3 (1991): 207-216.
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Yarrow, Simon. “Prince Bohemond, Princess Melaz, and the Gendering of religious Difference in the Ecclesiastical background of Orderic Vitalis.” In Intersections that Gender, Religion and also Ethnicity in the middle Ages, edited by Cordelia Beattie and also Kirsten A. Fenton, 140-57. Basingstoke, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.