Head injuries require immediate medical attention. In some cases, a person can build internal bleeding about the mind called an epidural hematoma.

You are watching: An epidural hematoma is most accurately defined as:


If left untreated, an epidural hematoma have the right to be life-threatening. It is vital that a human who ill a head injury knows of this feasible complication and the indications to watch for.


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Share on PinterestEpidural hematoma is bleeding approximately the mind that may happen after a head injury.
A blunt-force trauma to the head, potentially from a loss or auto accident, may reason the mind to hit against the skull. As soon as this occurs, a part of the brain’s cells, lining, or blood vessels deserve to rupture.

The damaged cell can reason bleeding between the safety lining roughly the brain and the skull. This type of bleeding is dubbed an epidural hematoma.

An epidural hematoma requires immediate medical attention. If left untreated, a person deserve to lose consciousness, endure long-term health consequences, or even die. That is vital for a person who sustains a head injury come be conscious of the symptoms of one epidural hematoma and also to seek medical treatment immediately.


Symptoms

Symptoms of one epidural hematoma can develop rapidly ~ an injury or slowly over the course of numerous hours. The moment it takes because that symptoms to build depends ~ above the severity of the injury and how conveniently blood is filling right into the lining in between the mind and skull.

Some of the most typical signs and also symptoms of one epidural hematoma include:

vomitingconfusionseizuresloss that vision ~ above one sidedizzinesschanges in breathingnauseaweakness in one half of the bodyenlarged pupil in one eyedrowsiness or ns of alertness

Before receiving treatment, a human may lose consciousness. That is also feasible that a human being may autumn into a coma.


Causes
Share ~ above PinterestCertain sports have a high threat of head injuries, including contact sports such as boxing.

Epidural hematomas space the direct an outcome of physical trauma come the head. Several of the many likely reasons of one epidural hematoma include:

head injury native a call sport, such as football or rugbycar accidentfall indigenous a ladderphysical abuse or a violent attack

Some world have a greater risk 보다 others of obtaining an epidural hematoma, including:

people whose work involve autumn risksolder peoplethose who regularly consume alcoholathletes in call sports or sporting activities with a loss risk, such as gymnasticsthose that cycle without wearing a helmetpeople taking blood-thinning medicationspeople who carry out not wear a seatbelt in a vehicle
Treatment

If a doctor suspects a person has an epidural hematoma, lock will carry out imaging tests, such as a CT scan, MRI, or one electroencephalogram. This scans will assist a physician see any type of bleeding on the brain.

Treatment because that an epidural hematoma will depend on the severity the the injury and also the individual’s as whole health, and the existence of any kind of other injuries or illnesses.

Surgery

In plenty of cases, a physician will use one of two surgical steps to eliminate the blood native the brain.

A craniotomy is much more likely to be offered for a significant hematoma. In this procedure, part of the skull is removed temporarily to remove the hematoma.

When the epidural hematoma is smaller sized or less severe, a physician will most likely recommend aspiration. Aspiration entails drilling a tiny hole in the skull. A doctor then supplies suction to remove the hematoma.

Medications

Medication will most likely be prescribed both before and after surgery. Before surgery, a person will need hyperosmotic agents to help reduce inflammation and also swelling in the brain. These encompass mannitol, glycerol, and hypertonic saline.

After surgery, a medical professional will likely prescribe anti-seizure medications, which may be take away for number of months or also years following the injury.

Additionally, a doctor might prescribe or recommend pain medicine or anti-inflammatory medicine to lull a person’s recovery.


It is most likely recovery indigenous an epidural hematoma will certainly take month or also years. In countless cases, early stage improvements occur within about 6 months after the injury.

There are several procedures a person can take at residence to help recovery. Some referrals include:

increasing activity slowlygetting many of restavoiding future contact sportsreducing or eliminating alcohol consumption

A medical professional or therapist may additionally recommend an exercise routine. Practice will help improve a who strength and reduce feeling of weakness.

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Rehabilitative therapy

After treatment, a medical professional will build a rehabilitation plan that may include physical, occupational, and also speech therapy.

Rehabilitative treatment aims to:

improve strengthregain bladder controlimprove gross motor skills, such together walkingdecrease paralysis and also return sensationimprove lost speech skills